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Article

Predicting Injury Status in Adolescent Dancers Involved in Different Dance Styles: A Prospective Study

1
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, 21000 Split, Croatia
2
Faculty of Sport, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
3
Clinical Hospital Split, 21000 Split, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 November 2020 / Revised: 11 December 2020 / Accepted: 15 December 2020 / Published: 16 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Child Injury and the Determinants of Health)
The positive effects of dance on health indices in youth are widely recognized, but participation in dance is accompanied with a certain risk of injury. This prospective study aimed to investigate injury occurrence and to evaluate the possible influences of specific predictors on the occurrence of musculoskeletal problems and injuries in adolescent dancers. Participants were 126 dancers (21 males; 11–18 years), who were competitors in the urban dance, rock and roll, and standard/Latin dance genres. Predictors included sociodemographic factors, anthropometric/body build indices, sport (dance) factors, and dynamic balance. The outcome variable was injury status, and this was evaluated by the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre Overuse Injury Questionnaire (OSTRC). Predictors were evaluated at baseline, and outcomes were continuously monitored during the study period of 3 months. During the study course, 53% of dancers reported the occurrence of a musculoskeletal problem/injury, and dancers suffered from an average of 0.72 injuries over the study period (95% CI: 0.28–1.41), giving a yearly injury rate of 280%. Gender and dance styles were not significantly related to the occurrence of injury. Higher risk for injury was evidenced in older and more experienced dancers. Dynamic balance, as measured by the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT), was a significant protective factor of injury occurrence, irrespective of age/experience in dance. Knowing the simplicity and applicability of the SEBT, continuous monitoring of dynamic balance in adolescent dancers is encouraged. In order to prevent the occurrence of musculoskeletal problems/injuries in youth dancers, we suggest the incorporation of specific interventions aimed at improving dynamic balance. View Full-Text
Keywords: musculoskeletal injury; sports; exercise; risk factors; protective factors musculoskeletal injury; sports; exercise; risk factors; protective factors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sekulic, D.; Prus, D.; Zevrnja, A.; Peric, M.; Zaletel, P. Predicting Injury Status in Adolescent Dancers Involved in Different Dance Styles: A Prospective Study. Children 2020, 7, 297. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children7120297

AMA Style

Sekulic D, Prus D, Zevrnja A, Peric M, Zaletel P. Predicting Injury Status in Adolescent Dancers Involved in Different Dance Styles: A Prospective Study. Children. 2020; 7(12):297. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children7120297

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sekulic, Damir, Dasa Prus, Ante Zevrnja, Mia Peric, and Petra Zaletel. 2020. "Predicting Injury Status in Adolescent Dancers Involved in Different Dance Styles: A Prospective Study" Children 7, no. 12: 297. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children7120297

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