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Article

Children’s Drawing as a Projective Measure to Understand Their Experiences of Dental Treatment under General Anesthesia

1
Dr. Gerald Niznick College of Dentistry, University of Manitoba, P131B, 780 Bannatyne Avenue, Winnipeg, MB R3E0W2, Canada
2
College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5E5, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 May 2020 / Revised: 6 June 2020 / Accepted: 26 June 2020 / Published: 3 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advance in Pediatric Dentistry)
Purpose: The overall aim of the study was to gain a deeper understanding of 3 to 10 year-old children’s experiences, main concerns, and how they manage attending hospital for dental treatment under general anesthesia (DTGA). Methods: Twelve children aged 3–10 who were scheduled for DTGA were interviewed. In addition to tape-recorded interviews, data were collected using video diaries, participant observations, and pre-, peri-, and postoperative drawings. The children’s drawings (n = 43) were analyzed using the Child Drawing: Hospital Manual (CD:H) and Vygotsky postulations for context readings, with the aim to explore what it means for children to undergo DTGA. Results: The analysis found that the main concern for children during the pre-operative period was that they were forced to prepare for an unknown experience, which elicited stress. This situation was handled during the peri-operative period by trying to recover control and to cooperate despite fear, stress, and anxiety. Drawings completed post-operatively showed the surgical mask, “stinky” smell of the anesthetic gas, and multiple extraction of teeth were the main troubling experiences for children. Several weeks after DTGA, children tried to regain normalcy in their lives again. Conclusion: This study contributed to a deeper understanding of how children as young as 3 years undergoing DTGA experience and express their lived experiences: emotional, psychological, physiological, or physical stress in the context of DTGA. View Full-Text
Keywords: art; child; oral health; general anesthesia; dental care art; child; oral health; general anesthesia; dental care
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MDPI and ACS Style

Baghdadi, Z.D.; Jbara, S.; Muhajarine, N. Children’s Drawing as a Projective Measure to Understand Their Experiences of Dental Treatment under General Anesthesia. Children 2020, 7, 73. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children7070073

AMA Style

Baghdadi ZD, Jbara S, Muhajarine N. Children’s Drawing as a Projective Measure to Understand Their Experiences of Dental Treatment under General Anesthesia. Children. 2020; 7(7):73. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children7070073

Chicago/Turabian Style

Baghdadi, Ziad D.; Jbara, Saffana; Muhajarine, Nazeem. 2020. "Children’s Drawing as a Projective Measure to Understand Their Experiences of Dental Treatment under General Anesthesia" Children 7, no. 7: 73. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children7070073

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