Next Article in Journal
A Case of Eosinophilic Pustular Folliculitis since Birth
Next Article in Special Issue
Child Injury Prevention: It Is Time to Address the Determinants of Health
Previous Article in Journal
Views of Indian Migrants on Adaptation of Child Oral Health Leaflets: A Qualitative Study
Previous Article in Special Issue
Optimum Angle of Force Production Temporarily Changes Due to Growth in Male Adolescence
Due to scheduled maintenance work on our core network, there may be short service disruptions on this website between 16:00 and 16:30 CEST on September 25th.
Article

Preventing Child Drowning in the Philippines: The Need to Address the Determinants of Health

1
Department of Health Promotion and Education, College of Public Health, University of the Philippines Manila, 625 Pedro Gil St., Ermita, Manila 1000, Philippines
2
College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia
3
Royal Life Saving Society—Australia, Broadway, NSW 2581, Australia
4
School of Population Health, University of New South Wales, Kensington, NSW 2033, Australia
5
Disease Prevention and Control Bureau, Department of Health, Sta. Cruz, Manila 1003, Philippines
6
World Health Organization, Office of the Representative in the Philippines, Sta. Cruz, Manila 1003, Philippines
7
University of the Philippines-College of Public Health Foundation, Inc., 625 Pedro Gil St., Ermita, Manila 1000, Philippines
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 December 2020 / Revised: 24 December 2020 / Accepted: 28 December 2020 / Published: 7 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Child Injury and the Determinants of Health)
Drowning is a public health issue in the Philippines, with children at significantly increased risk. Determinants of health (DoH) such as education, socio-economic status, ethnicity, and urbanization are factors that impact drowning risk. As drowning is a multisectoral issue, a national drowning prevention plan can drive collaboration with relevant stakeholders. This study reports trends in unintentional child (0–14 years) drowning in the Philippines (incidence, rates, and trends over time for fatal and non-fatal (years lived with a disability (YLDs) and disability adjusted life years (DALYs) from 2008–2017 and conducts an analysis of the Philippines’ Multisector Action Plan (MSAP) on Drowning Prevention. From 2008–2017, 27,928 (95%UI [Uncertainty Interval]: 22,794–33,828) children aged 0–14 years died from drowning (52.7% aged 5–14 years old). Rates of drowning have declined among both age groups, with greater reductions seen among 0–4 year olds (y = −0.3368x + 13.035; R2 = 0.9588). The MSAP has 12 child drowning-specific activities and 20 activities were identified where DoH will need to be considered during development and implementation. The MSAP activities, and work done to prevent drowning more generally, must consider DoH such as education, urbanization, water and sanitation health, and safe water transportation. A national drowning surveillance system and investment in research in the Philippines are recommended. View Full-Text
Keywords: child; drowning; water; safety; prevention; mortality; policy; stakeholder; Global Burden of Disease; multisector child; drowning; water; safety; prevention; mortality; policy; stakeholder; Global Burden of Disease; multisector
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Guevarra, J.P.; Peden, A.E.; Orbillo, L.L.; Uy, M.R.S.Z.; Madrilejos, J.J.R.; Go, J.J.L.; Martinez, R.E.C.; Cavinta, L.L.; Franklin, R.C. Preventing Child Drowning in the Philippines: The Need to Address the Determinants of Health. Children 2021, 8, 29. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8010029

AMA Style

Guevarra JP, Peden AE, Orbillo LL, Uy MRSZ, Madrilejos JJR, Go JJL, Martinez REC, Cavinta LL, Franklin RC. Preventing Child Drowning in the Philippines: The Need to Address the Determinants of Health. Children. 2021; 8(1):29. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8010029

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guevarra, Jonathan P., Amy E. Peden, Lita L. Orbillo, Maria R.S.Z. Uy, Joseph J.R. Madrilejos, John J.L. Go, Rammell E.C. Martinez, Lolita L. Cavinta, and Richard C. Franklin 2021. "Preventing Child Drowning in the Philippines: The Need to Address the Determinants of Health" Children 8, no. 1: 29. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8010029

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop