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Article

Differences on Motor Competence in 4-Year-Old Boys and Girls Regarding the Quarter of Birth: Is There a Relative Age Effect?

1
Facultad de Formación del Profesorado, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 27001 Lugo, Spain
2
Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación, Universidad de A Coruña, 15008 A Coruña, Spain
3
Facultad de Lenguas y Educación, Universidad Camilo José Cela, 28692 Madrid, Spain
4
Facultad de Lenguas y Educación, Universidad Nebrija, 28015 Madrid, Spain
5
Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Europea del Atlántico, 39011 Santander, Spain
6
Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Industrial de Cantabria (CITICAN), 39011 Santander, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vladimir Martínez-Bello
Received: 30 December 2020 / Revised: 9 February 2021 / Accepted: 11 February 2021 / Published: 13 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Motor Competence in Preschool Children)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the differences on motor competence between boys and girls aged 4 years old and investigate the existence of Relative Age Effect on their motor competence. In total, 132 preschool children were evaluated, of whom 60 (45.50%) were girls and 72 (54.5%) were boys. The distribution of the participants was from quarter 1 [n = 28 (21.2%)], quarter 2 [n = 52 (39.4%)], quarter 3 [n = 24 (18.2%)], and quarter 4 [(n = 28 (21.2%)], respectively. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) was used to collect the data. The data show the main effects on quarter of birth factor in manual dexterity (MD; p < 0.001), in aiming and catching (A&C; p < 0.001), in balance (Bal; p < 0.001) and in total test score (TTS; p < 0.001). There are also statistical differences on gender factor in MD (p < 0.001) and in TTS (p = 0.031). A significant effect was also found in the interaction between two factors (gender and quarter of birth) in MD (p < 0.001), A&C (p < 0.001), and Bal (p < 0.001). There are differences in all the variables studied according to the quarter of birth and only in manual dexterity and in the total score if compared according to gender (the scores are higher in girls). View Full-Text
Keywords: relative age effect; schoolchildren; motor competence; manual dexterity; aiming and catching; balance; Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) relative age effect; schoolchildren; motor competence; manual dexterity; aiming and catching; balance; Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Navarro-Patón, R.; Arufe-Giráldez, V.; Sanmiguel-Rodríguez, A.; Mecías-Calvo, M. Differences on Motor Competence in 4-Year-Old Boys and Girls Regarding the Quarter of Birth: Is There a Relative Age Effect? Children 2021, 8, 141. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8020141

AMA Style

Navarro-Patón R, Arufe-Giráldez V, Sanmiguel-Rodríguez A, Mecías-Calvo M. Differences on Motor Competence in 4-Year-Old Boys and Girls Regarding the Quarter of Birth: Is There a Relative Age Effect? Children. 2021; 8(2):141. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8020141

Chicago/Turabian Style

Navarro-Patón, Rubén, Víctor Arufe-Giráldez, Alberto Sanmiguel-Rodríguez, and Marcos Mecías-Calvo. 2021. "Differences on Motor Competence in 4-Year-Old Boys and Girls Regarding the Quarter of Birth: Is There a Relative Age Effect?" Children 8, no. 2: 141. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8020141

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