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Article

The Effect of Environmental Contexts on Motor Proficiency and Social Maturity of Children: An Ecological Perspective

1
Physical Education and Sport Science Faculty, University of Tabriz, 29 Bahman Blvd, Tabriz 51666-16471, Iran
2
Department of Physical Education and Special Motricity, Faculty of Physical Education and Mountain Sports, Transilvania University of Braşov, 500068 Braşov, Romania
3
HEME Research Group, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vladimir Martínez-Bello
Received: 22 December 2020 / Revised: 14 February 2021 / Accepted: 16 February 2021 / Published: 19 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Motor Competence in Preschool Children)
Physical environmental factors affect the developmental process of children. Thus, the main purpose of the present study was to investigate the two intervention models of affordances on the motor proficiency and social maturity of children. A semi-experimental research design with a pretest–posttest design and two groups were used, adopting the convenience method. Two groups of 15 children (aged 5.5–6.5 years) engaged in 12 weeks of nature school or kindergarten. The Bruininks–Oseretsky test of motor proficiency and the Vineland social maturity scale were used. The results of a mixed ANOVA showed that natural outdoor activity has a greater positive effect on motor proficiency and social maturity than kindergarten activities. Intra-group analysis also showed that both groups had progressed, but the nature school group made more progress. These results were discussed and interpreted based on the types of environmental affordances, Gibson’s theory, Bronfenbrenner theory, and child-friendly environment. It was suggested that natural environmental stimulations play a critical role in optimal child motor and social development during the early stages of life. View Full-Text
Keywords: motor skills; social quotient; ecological perspective motor skills; social quotient; ecological perspective
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fathirezaie, Z.; Abbaspour, K.; Badicu, G.; Zamani Sani, S.H.; Nobari, H. The Effect of Environmental Contexts on Motor Proficiency and Social Maturity of Children: An Ecological Perspective. Children 2021, 8, 157. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8020157

AMA Style

Fathirezaie Z, Abbaspour K, Badicu G, Zamani Sani SH, Nobari H. The Effect of Environmental Contexts on Motor Proficiency and Social Maturity of Children: An Ecological Perspective. Children. 2021; 8(2):157. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8020157

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fathirezaie, Zahra, Kosar Abbaspour, Georgian Badicu, Seyed H. Zamani Sani, and Hadi Nobari. 2021. "The Effect of Environmental Contexts on Motor Proficiency and Social Maturity of Children: An Ecological Perspective" Children 8, no. 2: 157. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8020157

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