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Article

Siblings’ Influence on the Motor Competence of Preschoolers

1
Escola Superior Desporto e Lazer de Melgaço, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, 4900-347 Viana do Castelo, Portugal
2
Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health and Human Development (CIDESD), 5000-801 Vila Real, Portugal
3
Escola Superior de Educação de Lisboa, Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa, 1549-003 Lisboa, Portugal
4
Centro Interdisciplinar de Estudos Educacionais, 1549-003 Lisboa, Portugal
5
Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa, 1499-002 Cruz Quebrada-Dafundo, Portugal
6
Interdisciplinary Center for the Study of Human Performance (CIPER), 1499-002 Cruz Quebrada-Dafundo, Portugal
7
Escola Superior de Educação, Instituto Politécnico de Coimbra, 3030-329 Coimbra, Portugal
8
Centro de Investigação em Desporto e Atividade Física (CIDAF-UC), 3040-248 Coimbra, Portugal
9
Department of Physical Education, Colégio Pedro Arrupe, 1990-529 Lisboa, Portugal
10
Escola Superior de Educação, Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, 5300-253 Bragança, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Vladimir Martínez-Bello, Isaac Estevan and Zoe Knowles
Received: 26 January 2021 / Revised: 24 February 2021 / Accepted: 4 March 2021 / Published: 8 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Motor Competence in Preschool Children)
The number of single-child families has been rising steadily in recent years, resulting in a childhood absent of sibling relationships. Being an only child has been shown to have a negative impact on physical fitness, somatic fitness, and motor development. In this study, we aimed to understand how living with and without siblings can impact the motor competence of children. One hundred and sixty-one children (87 boys, 74 girls) from 3.0 to 6.0 years of age (34 only children, 125 siblings) and with no known motor or cognitive disability were assessed using the Motor Competence Assessment (MCA). Their standardized results on the three MCA subscales (stability, locomotor, and manipulative) and total MCA were used to group them into high, average, and low motor competence groups. Motor competence percentile distribution of the sibling and only child group condition was compared using chi-square tests. Results showed a significative and positive association between the sibling condition and the distribution between the three MC groups (chi-square = 6.29; p = 0.043), showing that children in a household with siblings, independent of their age and sex, show a clear tendency for developing better motor competence. View Full-Text
Keywords: only child; MCA; early childhood; household; motor performance only child; MCA; early childhood; household; motor performance
MDPI and ACS Style

Rodrigues, L.P.; Luz, C.; Cordovil, R.; Mendes, R.; Alexandre, R.; Lopes, V.P. Siblings’ Influence on the Motor Competence of Preschoolers. Children 2021, 8, 204. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8030204

AMA Style

Rodrigues LP, Luz C, Cordovil R, Mendes R, Alexandre R, Lopes VP. Siblings’ Influence on the Motor Competence of Preschoolers. Children. 2021; 8(3):204. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8030204

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rodrigues, Luis P., Carlos Luz, Rita Cordovil, Rui Mendes, Rita Alexandre, and Vítor P. Lopes 2021. "Siblings’ Influence on the Motor Competence of Preschoolers" Children 8, no. 3: 204. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8030204

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