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Article

Association of Dental Caries and Anthropometric Measures among Primary School Children

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Department of Community and Preventive Dentistry, Dow International Dental College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi 74200, Pakistan
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Department of Community and Preventive Dentistry, Dr. Ishrat-ul-Ebad Institute of Oral Health Sciences, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi 74200, Pakistan
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Preventive Dental Science Department, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh 11671, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Restorative Dentistry, Division of Operative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh 60169, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Prosthetic Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Prince Sattam Bin AbdulAziz University, Alkharj 11942, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Prosthetic Dental Science, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, P.O. Box 60169, Riyadh 11545, Saudi Arabia
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Research Chair for Biological Research in Dental Health, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh 11545, Saudi Arabia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gianluca Tartaglia
Received: 2 February 2021 / Revised: 26 February 2021 / Accepted: 9 March 2021 / Published: 13 March 2021
Aim: This study aimed to investigate an association between dental caries status and anthropometric measures in primary school children. Methods and Materials: An analytical cross-sectional study (n = 376) was conducted among primary school children (age range = 6–9 years) registered in private schools. Non-clinical data was gathered from parents of participating children through a self-administered structured questionnaire as well as from the children through an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Clinical data included the examination of dental caries using dmft/DMFT index and anthropometric measures including calculated z-scores of height-for-age (HAZ), weight-for-age (WAZ), BMI-for-age (BAZ), and physical examination. Inferential statistics included Kruskal Wallis and linear regression for univariate and multivariate analysis respectively. Results: The proportion of dental caries in primary and secondary dentition was 67.6% and 8.2% respectively. A significant association was observed between dental caries status and HAZ, WAZ, and BAZ (p < 0.001). An inverse relation was found between low, medium, and high dental caries categories and anthropometric measures. Conclusions: In the primary dentition, dental caries were significantly and inversely related to weight-for-age, height-for-age, and BMI-for-age. Hence, it can be concluded that among the low-income population dental caries is associated with lower anthropometric outcomes in children and therefore caries management should be considered an approach impacting overall health and quality of life. View Full-Text
Keywords: dental caries; anthropometry; body height; body weight; children dental caries; anthropometry; body height; body weight; children
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MDPI and ACS Style

Anzar, W.; Qureshi, A.; Afaq, A.; Kattan, H.F.; Almutairi, B.; Alzahrani, K.M.; Naseem, M.; Vohra, F.; Abduljabbar, T. Association of Dental Caries and Anthropometric Measures among Primary School Children. Children 2021, 8, 223. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8030223

AMA Style

Anzar W, Qureshi A, Afaq A, Kattan HF, Almutairi B, Alzahrani KM, Naseem M, Vohra F, Abduljabbar T. Association of Dental Caries and Anthropometric Measures among Primary School Children. Children. 2021; 8(3):223. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8030223

Chicago/Turabian Style

Anzar, Wajiha, Ambrina Qureshi, Ashar Afaq, Hiba F. Kattan, Basil Almutairi, Khaled M. Alzahrani, Mustafa Naseem, Fahim Vohra, and Tariq Abduljabbar. 2021. "Association of Dental Caries and Anthropometric Measures among Primary School Children" Children 8, no. 3: 223. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8030223

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