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Article

Cyberbullying and Obesity in Adolescents: Prevalence and Associations in Seven European Countries of the EU NET ADB Survey

1
MSc Program “Strategies of Developmental and Adolescent Health”, 2nd Department of Pediatrics, “P. & A. Kyriakou” Children’s Hospital, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 115 27 Athens, Greece
2
Department of Clinical Therapeutics, “Alexandra” Hospital, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 115 28 Athens, Greece
3
General Management of Health Services, Ministry of Health, 101 87 Athens, Greece
4
Department of Endocrinology-Growth and Development, “P. & A. Kyriakou” Children’s Hospital, 115 27 Athens, Greece
5
Center for Adolescent Medicine and UNESCO Chair Adolescent Health Care, First Department of Pediatrics, “Agia Sophia” Children’s Hospital, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 115 27 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The two senior authors contributed equally to this manuscript.
Academic Editor: Rachana Shah
Received: 30 December 2020 / Revised: 15 March 2021 / Accepted: 16 March 2021 / Published: 18 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Childhood and Adolescent Obesity and Weight Management)
Background: overweight and obese individuals may often face aggressive messages or comments on the internet. This study attempts to evaluate the association between cyberbullying victimization and overweight/obesity in adolescents participating in the European Network for Addictive Behavior (EU NET ADB) survey. Methods: a school-based cross-sectional study of adolescents aged 14–17.9 years was conducted (n = 8785) within the EU NET ADB survey, including data from seven European countries (Germany, Greece, Iceland, the Netherlands, Romania, Poland, Spain). Complex samples and univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed. Results: overall, overweight adolescents were more likely to have been cyberbullied compared to their normal weight peers (adjusted OR (Odds ratio) = 1.20, CI (confidence intervals): 1.01–1.42); this association was pronounced in Germany (adjusted OR = 1.58, CI: 1.11–2.25). In Iceland, obese adolescents reported cyberbullying victimization more frequently compared to their normal weight peers (adjusted OR = 2.87, 95% CI: 1.00–8.19). No significant associations with cyberbullying victimization were identified either for obese or overweight adolescents in Greece, Spain, Romania, Poland, and the Netherlands. Conclusions: this study reveals an overall association between cyberbullying victimization and overweight on the basis of a sizable, representative sample of adolescent population from seven European countries. Country-specific differences might reflect differential behavioral perceptions, but also normalization aspects. View Full-Text
Keywords: cyberbullying; overweight; obesity; adolescents; mental health cyberbullying; overweight; obesity; adolescents; mental health
MDPI and ACS Style

Sergentanis, T.N.; Bampalitsa, S.D.; Theofilou, P.; Panagouli, E.; Vlachopapadopoulou, E.; Michalacos, S.; Gryparis, A.; Thomaidis, L.; Psaltopoulou, T.; Tsolia, M.; Bacopoulou, F.; Tsitsika, A. Cyberbullying and Obesity in Adolescents: Prevalence and Associations in Seven European Countries of the EU NET ADB Survey. Children 2021, 8, 235. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8030235

AMA Style

Sergentanis TN, Bampalitsa SD, Theofilou P, Panagouli E, Vlachopapadopoulou E, Michalacos S, Gryparis A, Thomaidis L, Psaltopoulou T, Tsolia M, Bacopoulou F, Tsitsika A. Cyberbullying and Obesity in Adolescents: Prevalence and Associations in Seven European Countries of the EU NET ADB Survey. Children. 2021; 8(3):235. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8030235

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sergentanis, Theodoros N., Sofia D. Bampalitsa, Paraskevi Theofilou, Eleni Panagouli, Elpis Vlachopapadopoulou, Stefanos Michalacos, Alexandros Gryparis, Loretta Thomaidis, Theodora Psaltopoulou, Maria Tsolia, Flora Bacopoulou, and Artemis Tsitsika. 2021. "Cyberbullying and Obesity in Adolescents: Prevalence and Associations in Seven European Countries of the EU NET ADB Survey" Children 8, no. 3: 235. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8030235

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