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Article

Perspectives of Black/African American and Hispanic Parents and Children Living in Under-Resourced Communities Regarding Factors That Influence Food Choices and Decisions: A Qualitative Investigation

1
USDA/ARS Children’s Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, 1100 Bates Street, Houston, TX 77030, USA
2
Psychological, Health, and Learning Sciences Department, University of Houston, 3657 Cullen Boulevard Room 491, Houston, TX 77204, USA
3
HEALTH Research Institute, University of Houston, 4849 Calhoun Road, Houston, TX 77204, USA
4
Common Threads, P.O. Box 163930, Austin, TX 78716, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Eric Dearing
Received: 21 January 2021 / Revised: 8 March 2021 / Accepted: 9 March 2021 / Published: 18 March 2021
Families living in under-resourced communities are at risk of obesity and obesity-related chronic diseases. To develop effective interventions, it is important to identify parent and child perspectives of factors that influence food-related choices and decisions. This paper reports qualitative findings from a larger mixed method study investigating this topic. Hybrid thematic analysis was used to code and analyze the interviews. Family-generated photographs of factors influencing food choices were discussed during the interviews. Qualitative findings were organized by the socio-ecological model. Verbatim quotes and photographs were used to support themes. Thirty-six interviews were conducted (18 parents, 18 children). Findings from parents revealed personal (e.g., culture, beliefs, time), family (e.g., mother, child, father, health, finances, cohesiveness), environmental (e.g., availability, convenience, cost), and other (e.g., school food) factors influenced food choices. Similarly, child-reported influences were personal (e.g., preferences, beliefs, taste), family (e.g., mother, family encouragement, father, family time), social (e.g., school, friends), environmental (e.g., availability), and other (e.g., media, sports). The socio-ecological model provided a useful framework for identifying factors that influence food choices and decisions of families living in under-resourced communities. A deeper understanding of these factors could enhance both responsiveness and effectiveness of interventions to enhance diet and reduce obesity risk in families living in under-resourced communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: minority; culinary; qualitative; photo-voice; parents; children; under-resourced; socio-ecological model; Black/African American; Hispanic minority; culinary; qualitative; photo-voice; parents; children; under-resourced; socio-ecological model; Black/African American; Hispanic
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MDPI and ACS Style

Thompson, D.; Callender, C.; Velazquez, D.; Adera, M.; Dave, J.M.; Olvera, N.; Chen, T.-A.; Goldsworthy, N. Perspectives of Black/African American and Hispanic Parents and Children Living in Under-Resourced Communities Regarding Factors That Influence Food Choices and Decisions: A Qualitative Investigation. Children 2021, 8, 236. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8030236

AMA Style

Thompson D, Callender C, Velazquez D, Adera M, Dave JM, Olvera N, Chen T-A, Goldsworthy N. Perspectives of Black/African American and Hispanic Parents and Children Living in Under-Resourced Communities Regarding Factors That Influence Food Choices and Decisions: A Qualitative Investigation. Children. 2021; 8(3):236. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8030236

Chicago/Turabian Style

Thompson, Debbe, Chishinga Callender, Denisse Velazquez, Meheret Adera, Jayna M. Dave, Norma Olvera, Tzu-An Chen, and Natalie Goldsworthy. 2021. "Perspectives of Black/African American and Hispanic Parents and Children Living in Under-Resourced Communities Regarding Factors That Influence Food Choices and Decisions: A Qualitative Investigation" Children 8, no. 3: 236. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8030236

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