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Article

Self-Reported Dental Caries by Mexican Elementary and Middle-School Schoolchildren in the Context of Socioeconomic Indicators: A National Ecological Study

1
School of Dentistry, Autonomous University of Campeche, Campeche 24039, Mexico
2
Academic Area of Dentistry, Health Sciences Institute, Autonomous University of Hidalgo State, Pachuca 42160, Mexico
3
Health Systems Research Center, the National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca 62100, Mexico
4
Advanced Studies and Research Center in Dentistry “Keisaburo Miyata”, School of Dentistry, Autonomous University of State of Mexico, Toluca 50000, Mexico
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Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health, Indiana University/Purdue University, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
6
Indiana University Network Science Institute, Bloomington, IN 47408, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Santosh K. Tadakamadla
Received: 11 March 2021 / Revised: 3 April 2021 / Accepted: 7 April 2021 / Published: 8 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dental Caries and Oral Health in Children)
The objective of the present research was to quantify the association between dental caries self-report and socioeconomic indicators in Mexican children. An ecological study included a self-report of dental caries in schoolchildren enrolled in public elementary and middle schools derived from the National School Health Survey. A total of 73,560 schoolchildren (representing 19,745,366 students) aged 5 to 16 years were included. Socioeconomic variables included were scales depicting physical characteristics of housing, purchasing power, etc. used in national surveys in Mexico to measure deprivation, poverty, and income inequality in official data. Data were analyzed in Stata using Spearman’s correlation test. For the most part, no association (p > 0.05) was found between caries self-report, socioeconomic variables, or the Gini index. However, caries self-report in elementary schoolchildren and total (elementary + middle-school) schoolchildren groups was positively correlated (p < 0.05) with two poverty variables: extreme poverty by income (value of personal food purchases per month) and poverty by income (value of personal food and non-food purchases per month). National data for dental caries self-report were associated—at the ecological level—with a few socioeconomic indicators but not with most of the usual and customary indicators used in national surveys in Mexico. View Full-Text
Keywords: oral health; dental caries; self-report; schoolchildren; Mexico oral health; dental caries; self-report; schoolchildren; Mexico
MDPI and ACS Style

Casanova-Rosado, J.F.; Casanova-Rosado, A.J.; Minaya-Sánchez, M.; Casanova-Sarmiento, J.A.; Robles-Minaya, J.L.; Márquez-Rodríguez, S.; Mora-Acosta, M.; Islas-Zarazúa, R.; Márquez-Corona, M.d.L.; Ávila-Burgos, L.; Medina-Solís, C.E.; Maupomé, G. Self-Reported Dental Caries by Mexican Elementary and Middle-School Schoolchildren in the Context of Socioeconomic Indicators: A National Ecological Study. Children 2021, 8, 289. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8040289

AMA Style

Casanova-Rosado JF, Casanova-Rosado AJ, Minaya-Sánchez M, Casanova-Sarmiento JA, Robles-Minaya JL, Márquez-Rodríguez S, Mora-Acosta M, Islas-Zarazúa R, Márquez-Corona MdL, Ávila-Burgos L, Medina-Solís CE, Maupomé G. Self-Reported Dental Caries by Mexican Elementary and Middle-School Schoolchildren in the Context of Socioeconomic Indicators: A National Ecological Study. Children. 2021; 8(4):289. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8040289

Chicago/Turabian Style

Casanova-Rosado, Juan F., Alejandro J. Casanova-Rosado, Mirna Minaya-Sánchez, Juan A. Casanova-Sarmiento, José L. Robles-Minaya, Sonia Márquez-Rodríguez, Mariana Mora-Acosta, Rosalina Islas-Zarazúa, María d.L. Márquez-Corona, Leticia Ávila-Burgos, Carlo E. Medina-Solís, and Gerardo Maupomé. 2021. "Self-Reported Dental Caries by Mexican Elementary and Middle-School Schoolchildren in the Context of Socioeconomic Indicators: A National Ecological Study" Children 8, no. 4: 289. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8040289

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