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Article

Physical Activity Levels among Preschool-Aged Children in Family Child Care Homes: A Comparison between Hispanic and Non-Hispanic Children Using Accelerometry

1
Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, RI 02912, USA
2
Department of Human Development and Family Studies, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
3
Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
4
Department of Epidemiology, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, RI 02912, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Christine Delisle Nyström and Marja Leppänen
Received: 31 March 2021 / Revised: 24 April 2021 / Accepted: 27 April 2021 / Published: 28 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Nutrition Research)
Obesity prevalence among Hispanic children is twice that of non-Hispanic white children; Hispanic children may also engage in less physical activity (PA) compared to non-Hispanic white children. A large number of U.S. preschool-aged children are cared for in Family Child Care Homes (FCCH), yet few studies have examined PA levels and ethnicity differences in PA levels among these children. We examine baseline data from a cluster-randomized trial (Healthy Start/Comienzos Sanos) to improve food and PA environments in FCCHs. Children aged 2-to-5-years (n = 342) wore triaxial accelerometers for two days in FCCHs. Variables examined include percentage of time (%) spent in sedentary, and light, moderate, and vigorous PA. The full dataset (n = 342) indicated sedentary behavior 62% ± 11% of the time and only 10% ± 5% of the time spent in moderate-to-vigorous PA. Among children in the upper-median half of wear-time (n = 176), Hispanic children had significantly greater % sedentary time vs. Non-Hispanic children (66.2% ± 8.3% vs. 62.6% ± 6.9%, p = 0.007), and lower % light PA (25.4% ± 6.3% vs. 27.7% ± 4.9%, p = 0.008) and moderate PA (5.5% ± 2.1% vs. 6.4% ± 2.2%, p = 0.018). Our results highlight that PA levels were lower among our sample compared to previous studies, and that Hispanic children were more sedentary and less active compared to non-Hispanic white children. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; family child care homes; health disparities; hispanic physical activity; family child care homes; health disparities; hispanic
MDPI and ACS Style

Kang, A.W.; Gans, K.M.; von Ash, T.; Castagneri, D.; Dionne, L.; Tovar, A.; Risica, P.M. Physical Activity Levels among Preschool-Aged Children in Family Child Care Homes: A Comparison between Hispanic and Non-Hispanic Children Using Accelerometry. Children 2021, 8, 349. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8050349

AMA Style

Kang AW, Gans KM, von Ash T, Castagneri D, Dionne L, Tovar A, Risica PM. Physical Activity Levels among Preschool-Aged Children in Family Child Care Homes: A Comparison between Hispanic and Non-Hispanic Children Using Accelerometry. Children. 2021; 8(5):349. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8050349

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kang, Augustine W., Kim M. Gans, Tayla von Ash, Danielle Castagneri, Laura Dionne, Alison Tovar, and Patricia M. Risica 2021. "Physical Activity Levels among Preschool-Aged Children in Family Child Care Homes: A Comparison between Hispanic and Non-Hispanic Children Using Accelerometry" Children 8, no. 5: 349. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8050349

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