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Efficiency of Money Laundering Countermeasures: Case Studies from European Union Member States

1
Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Babes-Bolyai University, 400591 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
2
Faculty of International Economic Relationship, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, 010374 Bucharest, Romania
3
European Research Institute, Babes-Bolyai University, 400591 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
4
Faculty of Automatics, Computer Science & Electronics, University of Craiova, 200585 Craiova, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Monica Violeta Achim, Michel Dacorogna and Jens Hagendorff
Received: 26 April 2021 / Revised: 10 June 2021 / Accepted: 11 June 2021 / Published: 17 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economic and Financial Crimes)
The aim of this study is to present the trends and effectiveness of money laundering countermeasures from the perspective of a number of suspicious transactions reported to the Financial Intelligence Units (FIUs), a number of analysis results submitted to law enforcement authorities, and the typologies of cases in European Union Member States. In order to determine the impact of the joint effort in the fight against money laundering, we used descriptive statistics to process the data and case studies from annual reports of the European FIUs for 2018 and 2019. The results of our study highlight the increase in the number of suspicious transactions notices, as well as in their quality level. There is an increasing tendency towards information exchange between European Union countries regarding the suspicion of money laundering, but there is no stable trend for referring cases to law enforcement and other responsible institutions. Based on the available data, it can be concluded that the EU anti money laundering measures are efficient, but further steps are needed to achieve higher international coordination and cooperation. View Full-Text
Keywords: anti money laundering; EU directives; efficiency; Financial Intelligence Units anti money laundering; EU directives; efficiency; Financial Intelligence Units
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cotoc, C.-N.; Nițu, M.; Șcheau, M.C.; Cozma, A.-C. Efficiency of Money Laundering Countermeasures: Case Studies from European Union Member States. Risks 2021, 9, 120. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/risks9060120

AMA Style

Cotoc C-N, Nițu M, Șcheau MC, Cozma A-C. Efficiency of Money Laundering Countermeasures: Case Studies from European Union Member States. Risks. 2021; 9(6):120. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/risks9060120

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cotoc, Corina-Narcisa, Maria Nițu, Mircea C. Șcheau, and Adeline-Cristina Cozma. 2021. "Efficiency of Money Laundering Countermeasures: Case Studies from European Union Member States" Risks 9, no. 6: 120. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/risks9060120

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