Active learning is the category of partially supervised algorithms that is differentiated by its strategy to combine both the predictive ability of a base learner and the human knowledge so as to exploit adequately the existence of unlabeled data. Its ambition is to compose powerful learning algorithms which otherwise would be based only on insufficient labelled samples. Since the latter kind of information could raise important monetization costs and time obstacles, the human contribution should be seriously restricted compared with the former. For this reason, we investigate the use of the Logitboost wrapper classifier, a popular variant of ensemble algorithms which adopts the technique of boosting along with a regression base learner based on Model trees into 3 different active learning query strategies. We study its efficiency against 10 separate learners under a well-described active learning framework over 91 datasets which have been split to binary and multi-class problems. We also included one typical Logitboost variant with a separate internal regressor for discriminating the benefits of adopting a more accurate regression tree than one-node trees, while we examined the efficacy of one hyperparameter of the proposed algorithm. Since the application of the boosting technique may provide overall less biased predictions, we assume that the proposed algorithm, named as Logitboost(M5P), could provide both accurate and robust decisions under active learning scenarios that would be beneficial on real-life weakly supervised classification tasks. Its smoother weighting stage over the misclassified cases during training as well as the accurate behavior of M5P are the main factors that lead towards this performance. Proper statistical comparisons over the metric of classification accuracy verify our assumptions, while adoption of M5P instead of weak decision trees was proven to be more competitive for the majority of the examined problems. We present our results through appropriate summarization approaches and explanatory visualizations, commenting our results per case.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited