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Article

The Use of Phosphate Washing Sludge to Recover by Composting the Leachate from the Controlled Landfill

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Laboratory of Pharmacology, Neurobiology, Anthropobiology and Environment, Faculty of Sciences Semlalia, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech 40000, Morocco
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Laboratory of Agro-Foods, Biotechnologies and Valorisation of Plants Bioresources, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences Semlalia, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech 40000, Morocco
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Laboratory of Microbial Biotechnologies, Agroscience and Environment, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences Semlalia, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech 40000, Morocco
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antoni Sánchez
Received: 19 August 2021 / Revised: 16 September 2021 / Accepted: 26 September 2021 / Published: 28 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Composting in the Framework of Circular Economy)
The percolation of rainwater and runoff water through household waste in the dumpsite generally leads to an overabundance of leachate in Moroccan landfills, which is a source of soil, surface water and groundwater contamination. In order to ecologically solve the problem posed by the leachate in the dump site, to safeguard the environment and to contribute to sustainable development, we have carried out this study which aims to study the possibility of composting leachate with green waste and phosphate washing sludge. Various combinations with five substrates (leachate, green waste, sugar lime sludge, phosphate washing sludge and olive mill wastewater) in different proportions were used to build five windrows. A 24 h contact between the phosphate sludge or sugar lime sludge and the leachate took place prior to the addition of the green waste for the construction of the different windrows. This contact time ensured the absorption of a significant portion of the leachate and the disappearance of bad odor. A significant reduction was obtained with streptococci and mesophilic flora after 24 h of contact. The monitoring of the physicochemical parameters throughout the composting process showed that the temperature of the different windrows followed a good pace presenting all composting phases. Moisture, pH, C/N ratio and the percentage of degradation of the organic matter conformed to the quality standards of the compost. The combinations of the alkaline treatment and the composting process allowed a significant hygienization of the leachate. The results of the humification parameters and the E4/E6 ratio suggest that the composts obtained with phosphate sludge were the most stable and mature and can be used in the agricultural field or green space. View Full-Text
Keywords: olive mill wastewater; leachate; compost; phosphate sludge; physicochemical and microbiological analyzes; sugar lime sludge olive mill wastewater; leachate; compost; phosphate sludge; physicochemical and microbiological analyzes; sugar lime sludge
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mobaligh, M.; Meddich, A.; Imziln, B.; Fares, K. The Use of Phosphate Washing Sludge to Recover by Composting the Leachate from the Controlled Landfill. Processes 2021, 9, 1735. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/pr9101735

AMA Style

Mobaligh M, Meddich A, Imziln B, Fares K. The Use of Phosphate Washing Sludge to Recover by Composting the Leachate from the Controlled Landfill. Processes. 2021; 9(10):1735. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/pr9101735

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mobaligh, Meriem, Abdelilah Meddich, Boujamaa Imziln, and Khalid Fares. 2021. "The Use of Phosphate Washing Sludge to Recover by Composting the Leachate from the Controlled Landfill" Processes 9, no. 10: 1735. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/pr9101735

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