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Review

Survival Rate of Zygomatic Implants for Fixed Oral Maxillary Rehabilitations: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Comparing Outcomes between Zygomatic and Regular Implants

1
Department of Innovative Technologies in Medicine & Dentistry and CAST, University of Chieti-Pescara, Via dei Vestini 31, 66100 Chieti, Italy
2
Private Practice, 35010 Padova, Italy
3
Department of Interdisciplinary Medicine, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, 70121 Bari, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Luca Testarelli
Received: 22 February 2021 / Revised: 16 March 2021 / Accepted: 22 March 2021 / Published: 1 April 2021
Background: Zygomatic implants have been proposed alone or in combination with premaxillary conventional implants for severe resorbed maxillary atrophy rehabilitation. The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate through a qualitative systematic review and meta-analysis the survival rate of zygomatic implants in conjunction with regular fixtures for maxillary rehabilitation. Methods: The article screening was conducted on the PubMed/Medline and EMBASE electronic databases according to the “Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses” (PRISMA) guidelines. The scientific papers were included for qualitative analysis and risk-of-bias evaluation. Only the papers that included rehabilitation with zygomatic implants in combination with regular implants were considered for the meta-analysis comparative evaluation of the implant survival rate. Results: The paper search screened a total of 137 papers. After the initial screening, a total of 32 articles were considered for the qualitative analysis. There was a similar implant survival rate between zygomatic and premaxilla regular implants (p = 0.02; Z: 2.26). Conclusions: Zygomatic and conventional implants showed a high long-term survival rate for fixed maxillary rehabilitations, but few included studies reported the marginal bone loss after loading. Further studies are necessary to evaluate the pattern of marginal bone loss between zygomatic and conventional implants after long-term functional loading. View Full-Text
Keywords: zygomatic implant; endosseous implants; bone ridge atrophy; maxillary fixed rehabilitations zygomatic implant; endosseous implants; bone ridge atrophy; maxillary fixed rehabilitations
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lorusso, F.; Conte, R.; Inchingolo, F.; Festa, F.; Scarano, A. Survival Rate of Zygomatic Implants for Fixed Oral Maxillary Rehabilitations: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Comparing Outcomes between Zygomatic and Regular Implants. Dent. J. 2021, 9, 38. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/dj9040038

AMA Style

Lorusso F, Conte R, Inchingolo F, Festa F, Scarano A. Survival Rate of Zygomatic Implants for Fixed Oral Maxillary Rehabilitations: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Comparing Outcomes between Zygomatic and Regular Implants. Dentistry Journal. 2021; 9(4):38. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/dj9040038

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lorusso, Felice, Roberto Conte, Francesco Inchingolo, Felice Festa, and Antonio Scarano. 2021. "Survival Rate of Zygomatic Implants for Fixed Oral Maxillary Rehabilitations: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Comparing Outcomes between Zygomatic and Regular Implants" Dentistry Journal 9, no. 4: 38. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/dj9040038

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