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Periodontal Health and Systemic Conditions
Article

Dentinogenesis Imperfecta and Caries in Osteogenesis Imperfecta among Vietnamese Children

1
School of Odonto-Stomatology, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
2
Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Genetics, Vietnam National Children’s Hospital, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
3
Division of Research and Treatment for Oral Maxillofacial Congenital Anomalies, Aichi Gakuin University, Aichi 464-8651, Japan
4
Faculty of Dentistry, Hanoi University of Business and Technology, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
5
Center for Gene and Protein Research, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
6
Dong Da General Hospital, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Co-first author.
Academic Editor: Rahiotis Christos
Received: 11 April 2021 / Revised: 21 April 2021 / Accepted: 23 April 2021 / Published: 27 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Study of Relationship between Oral Health and Systemic Health)
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetic disorder characterized by increased bone fragility and low bone mass, caused mainly by mutations in collagen type I encoding genes. The current study aimed to evaluate dentinogenesis imperfecta (DI), oral manifestations and caries status of OI children. Sixty-eight children (41 males, 27 females) aged from 3 to 17 years old (mean 9 ± 4.13) participated in the study. Participants were classified into three OI type groups (I—2 cases, III—31 cases and IV—35 cases). Clinical examination and an orthopantomogram were used to obtain prevalences and associations of DI, caries status, malocclusion, crossbite, open bite, eruption, impaction and missing teeth with OI. The prevalence of DI among OI patients was 47.1%, more common in OI type III than type IV. The yellow-brown discoloration type was more vulnerable to attrition than the opalescent-grey one in the primary dentition. OI seemed not to have a high risk of caries; the prevalence of caries was 69.1%. A high incidence of malocclusion, crossbite and open bite was observed. In-depth oral information would provide valuable data for better dental management in OI patients. Parents and general doctors should pay more attention to dental care to prevent caries and premature tooth loss. View Full-Text
Keywords: caries; dentinogenesis imperfecta; osteogenesis imperfecta caries; dentinogenesis imperfecta; osteogenesis imperfecta
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nguyen, H.T.T.; Vu, D.C.; Nguyen, D.M.; Dang, Q.D.; Tran, V.K.; Le, H.; Tong, S.M. Dentinogenesis Imperfecta and Caries in Osteogenesis Imperfecta among Vietnamese Children. Dent. J. 2021, 9, 49. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/dj9050049

AMA Style

Nguyen HTT, Vu DC, Nguyen DM, Dang QD, Tran VK, Le H, Tong SM. Dentinogenesis Imperfecta and Caries in Osteogenesis Imperfecta among Vietnamese Children. Dentistry Journal. 2021; 9(5):49. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/dj9050049

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nguyen, Huong T.T., Dung C. Vu, Duc M. Nguyen, Quang D. Dang, Van K. Tran, Hung Le, and Son M. Tong 2021. "Dentinogenesis Imperfecta and Caries in Osteogenesis Imperfecta among Vietnamese Children" Dentistry Journal 9, no. 5: 49. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/dj9050049

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