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Review

Additive Manufacturing of Zirconia Ceramic and Its Application in Clinical Dentistry: A Review

1
Department of Cariology and Operative Dentistry, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45, Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8510, Japan
2
College of Dentistry, Texas A&M University, Dallas, TX 75246, USA
3
Department of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery Erasmus Medical Centre, 3015 Rotterdam, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Till Dammaschke
Received: 1 August 2021 / Revised: 27 August 2021 / Accepted: 31 August 2021 / Published: 6 September 2021
Additive manufacturing (AM) has many advantages and became a valid manufacturing technique for polymers and metals in dentistry. However, its application for dental ceramics is still in process. Among dental ceramics, zirconia is becoming popular and widely used in dentistry mainly due to its outstanding properties. Although subtractive technology or milling is the state of art for manufacturing zirconia restorations but still has shortcomings. Utilizing AM in fabricating ceramics restorations is a new topic for many researchers and companies across the globe and a good understanding of AM of zirconia is essential for dental professional. Therefore, the aim of this narrative review is to illustrate different AM technologies available for processing zirconia and discus their advantages and future potential. A comprehensive literature review was completed to summarize different AM technologies that are available to fabricate zirconia and their clinical application is reported. The results show a promising outcome for utilizing AM of zirconia in restorative, implant and regenerative dentistry. However further improvements and validation is necessary to approve its clinical application. View Full-Text
Keywords: additive manufacturing; zirconia ceramic; dental applications additive manufacturing; zirconia ceramic; dental applications
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MDPI and ACS Style

Khanlar, L.N.; Salazar Rios, A.; Tahmaseb, A.; Zandinejad, A. Additive Manufacturing of Zirconia Ceramic and Its Application in Clinical Dentistry: A Review. Dent. J. 2021, 9, 104. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/dj9090104

AMA Style

Khanlar LN, Salazar Rios A, Tahmaseb A, Zandinejad A. Additive Manufacturing of Zirconia Ceramic and Its Application in Clinical Dentistry: A Review. Dentistry Journal. 2021; 9(9):104. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/dj9090104

Chicago/Turabian Style

Khanlar, Leila N., Alma Salazar Rios, Ali Tahmaseb, and Amirali Zandinejad. 2021. "Additive Manufacturing of Zirconia Ceramic and Its Application in Clinical Dentistry: A Review" Dentistry Journal 9, no. 9: 104. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/dj9090104

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