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Review

Phenolic Acids of Plant Origin—A Review on Their Antioxidant Activity In Vitro (O/W Emulsion Systems) Along with Their in Vivo Health Biochemical Properties

1
Research Executive Agency (REA), Place Charles Rogier 16, 1210 Bruxelles, Belgium
2
Laboratory of Food Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis Zografou, 15784 Athens, Greece
3
Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Technology, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Iron Politechniou, 9, 15780 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 March 2020 / Revised: 19 April 2020 / Accepted: 22 April 2020 / Published: 24 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Benefits of Plant Extracts for Human Health)
Nature has generously offered a wide range of herbs (e.g., thyme, oregano, rosemary, sage, mint, basil) rich in many polyphenols and other phenolic compounds with strong antioxidant and biochemical properties. This paper focuses on several natural occurring phenolic acids (caffeic, carnosic, ferulic, gallic, p-coumaric, rosmarinic, vanillic) and first gives an overview of their most common natural plant sources. A summary of the recently reported antioxidant activities of the phenolic acids in o/w emulsions is also provided as an in vitro lipid-based model system. Exploring the interfacial activity of phenolic acids could help to further elucidate their potential health properties against oxidative stress conditions of biological membranes (such as lipoproteins). Finally, this review reports on the latest literature evidence concerning specific biochemical properties of the examined phenolic acids. View Full-Text
Keywords: phenolic acids; emulsions; antioxidants; health properties phenolic acids; emulsions; antioxidants; health properties
MDPI and ACS Style

Kiokias, S.; Proestos, C.; Oreopoulou, V. Phenolic Acids of Plant Origin—A Review on Their Antioxidant Activity In Vitro (O/W Emulsion Systems) Along with Their in Vivo Health Biochemical Properties. Foods 2020, 9, 534. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/foods9040534

AMA Style

Kiokias S, Proestos C, Oreopoulou V. Phenolic Acids of Plant Origin—A Review on Their Antioxidant Activity In Vitro (O/W Emulsion Systems) Along with Their in Vivo Health Biochemical Properties. Foods. 2020; 9(4):534. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/foods9040534

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kiokias, Sotirios, Charalampos Proestos, and Vassiliki Oreopoulou. 2020. "Phenolic Acids of Plant Origin—A Review on Their Antioxidant Activity In Vitro (O/W Emulsion Systems) Along with Their in Vivo Health Biochemical Properties" Foods 9, no. 4: 534. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/foods9040534

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