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Biogenic Amines in Alcohol-Free Beverages

Department of Management, Sapienza University of Rome, Via del Castro Laurenziano 9, 00161 Rome, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 December 2019 / Revised: 21 February 2020 / Accepted: 27 February 2020 / Published: 9 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wide World of Beverage Research: Reviews of Current Topics)
Biogenic amines are ubiquitous bioactive compounds that are synthesized by living organisms and perform essential functions for their metabolism. In the human diet, their excessive intake can cause food poisoning. In food, especially in alcohol-free beverages, biogenic amines can be synthesized by enzymes, naturally present in raw materials, or by microorganisms, which may be naturally present in the matrix or be added during beverage transformation processes. For this reason, in alcohol-free beverages, biogenic amine amount can be considered, above a certain level, as undesired microorganism activity. Therefore, it is important to evaluate the biogenic amine profile of non-alcoholic beverages in order to monitor food quality and safety. Moreover, biogenic amines can be taken into account by industries in order to monitor production processes and products. This review article provides an overview on the biogenic amine profile of alcohol-free beverages (plant milk, nervine drinks, soft drinks, and fruit juices). Furthermore, the clinical and toxicological effects, the biogenic amines legislation, and biogenic amine synthesis have been evaluated in non-alcoholic beverages. View Full-Text
Keywords: biogenic amines; beverages; non-alcoholic drinks biogenic amines; beverages; non-alcoholic drinks
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vinci, G.; Maddaloni, L. Biogenic Amines in Alcohol-Free Beverages. Beverages 2020, 6, 17.

AMA Style

Vinci G, Maddaloni L. Biogenic Amines in Alcohol-Free Beverages. Beverages. 2020; 6(1):17.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vinci, Giuliana, and Lucia Maddaloni. 2020. "Biogenic Amines in Alcohol-Free Beverages" Beverages 6, no. 1: 17.

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