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The Influence of Bottle Design on Perceived Quality of Beer: A Conjoint Analytic Study

SDU Innovation and Design Engineering, Department of Technology and Innovation, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230 Odense, Denmark
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 September 2020 / Revised: 27 October 2020 / Accepted: 3 November 2020 / Published: 10 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Beer Quality and Flavour)
Research on the influence of packaging on consumer perception of beer and other alcoholic beverages suggest an important role in capturing consumers’ attention and generating expectations on perceived product quality, and in particular that color, bottle shape, and label design are key aspects. There is, however, a paucity of research looking at interactions between different aspects of packaging design. This is a topical issue given an increasingly saturated market where especially craft breweries strive for differentiation and brand recognition. Situated within this context, the present research used a conjoint analytic approach to investigate the effect of packaging design on consumer perceived quality and liking for beers. Beer images were designed to systematically vary in four design factors—label color, label shape, label complexity, and bottle shape—and evaluated in an online survey with a representative sample of Danish beer drinkers. Two of the design factors—label color and bottle type—significantly affected consumers’ product evaluations, whereas the other two factors did not. Post-hoc analyses of the main effects indicated that the combination of a “Bomber” bottle shape and a warm color scheme in the label as the optimal combination of design factors to maximize consumer preferences. Preference for the Bomber bottle was linked to a perceived premiumness associated with a preference for curvatures (as opposed to angularity), whereas the preference for warm colors was tentatively explained as due to crossmodal correspondences generating favorable sensory expectations for this color scheme. View Full-Text
Keywords: beer; packaging; product design; consumers; quality beer; packaging; product design; consumers; quality
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gislason, S.; Bruhn, S.; Christensen, A.M.; Christensen, M.T.; Hansen, M.G.; Kha, T.T.; Giacalone, D. The Influence of Bottle Design on Perceived Quality of Beer: A Conjoint Analytic Study. Beverages 2020, 6, 64.

AMA Style

Gislason S, Bruhn S, Christensen AM, Christensen MT, Hansen MG, Kha TT, Giacalone D. The Influence of Bottle Design on Perceived Quality of Beer: A Conjoint Analytic Study. Beverages. 2020; 6(4):64.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gislason, Styrmir, Simon Bruhn, Alexander M. Christensen, Mikkel T. Christensen, Mette G. Hansen, Thuy T. Kha, and Davide Giacalone. 2020. "The Influence of Bottle Design on Perceived Quality of Beer: A Conjoint Analytic Study" Beverages 6, no. 4: 64.

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