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Article

Effect of Molybdenum Content on Mechanical and Tribological Properties of Diamond-Like Carbon Coatings over Titanium β-21S Alloy

1
Surface Engineering Division, CSIR–National Aerospace Laboratories, Bengaluru 560017, India
2
School of Engineering, Ulster University-Jordanstown, Belfast BT37 0QB, UK
3
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Toyohashi University of Technology, Toyohashi, Aichi 441-8580, Japan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 November 2020 / Revised: 13 December 2020 / Accepted: 16 December 2020 / Published: 22 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbon-Based Composites for Energy and Biomedical Applications)
Molybdenum-doped diamond-like carbon (Mo-DLC) coatings have been deposited on titanium β-21S alloy (Ti–15Mo–3Nb–3Al–0.2Si) using plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) equipped with pulsed-DC magnetron sputtering. Mo contents in the deposited coatings have been controlled with an applied sputtering pulse duty cycle. Chemical composition, structure, morphology, and topography have been studied using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), and atomic force microscopy (AFM), respectively. XRD pattern of the coating with highest Mo content shows the presence of carbide phase. Smooth features with low roughness values are observed in low Mo content coating, whereas high Mo content coating shows granular characteristics with a high roughness value. Raman spectra reveal the increased graphitic content for the highest metal concentration in the coatings, wherein the nanohardness is also determined to be highest, at about ~18–19 GPa. Furthermore, the ball-on-disk tribometry test on Mo-DLC coating with highest nanohardness shows a low coefficient of friction (COF) of 0.2 with low wear loss compared to that of the substrate (0.62). View Full-Text
Keywords: diamond-like carbon; molybdenum doping; titanium β-21S; XPS; Raman spectroscopy; wear diamond-like carbon; molybdenum doping; titanium β-21S; XPS; Raman spectroscopy; wear
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MDPI and ACS Style

Padmanaban, D.B.; Mohan, L.; Giri, P.; Bera, P.; Anandan, C.; Barshilia, H.C. Effect of Molybdenum Content on Mechanical and Tribological Properties of Diamond-Like Carbon Coatings over Titanium β-21S Alloy. C 2021, 7, 1. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/c7010001

AMA Style

Padmanaban DB, Mohan L, Giri P, Bera P, Anandan C, Barshilia HC. Effect of Molybdenum Content on Mechanical and Tribological Properties of Diamond-Like Carbon Coatings over Titanium β-21S Alloy. C. 2021; 7(1):1. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/c7010001

Chicago/Turabian Style

Padmanaban, Dilli B., Loganathan Mohan, Preetam Giri, Parthasarathi Bera, Chinnasamy Anandan, and Harish C. Barshilia 2021. "Effect of Molybdenum Content on Mechanical and Tribological Properties of Diamond-Like Carbon Coatings over Titanium β-21S Alloy" C 7, no. 1: 1. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/c7010001

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