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A Gap Analysis of Ship-Recycling Practices in Indonesia

Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering Study Program, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Department of Ocean Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111, Indonesia
Department of Naval Architecture and Shipbuilding Engineering, Institut Teknologi Adhi Tama Surabaya, Surabaya 60117, Indonesia
Department of Naval Architecture, Ocean and Marine Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0LZ, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Michele John and Junbeum Kim
Received: 7 December 2020 / Revised: 18 June 2021 / Accepted: 30 June 2021 / Published: 13 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in Recycling 2021)
Ship recycling is gaining attention in Indonesia due to the increase in end-of-life ships and uneconomical nationally flagged ships, and is considered a prospective source of economic development and employment opportunity, and yet conceivably poses a threat to the health and safety of workers and the environment. There are international and national regulations that govern ship-recycling activities to ensure that the hazardous impacts of the industry are minimized. We investigated the disparity between current ship-breaking practices in Indonesia and the requirements of related international and national regulations, with the findings intended for use as a stepping stone to proposing a strategy to establish a green and sustainable ship-recycling industry. A benchmark study of the world’s leading ship-recycling countries was conducted, and a gap analysis was performed by comparing existing international and national regulations with current ship-breaking practices in Indonesia. We identified two types of ship-breaking practices in Indonesia: Conventional environmentally unfriendly ship-breaking method, conducted by most Indonesian ship-breaking yards, and a rather modern, more environmentally friendly method, conducted by ship-repair yards. However, neither of the practices met the requirements of the regulations, and improvements are therefore needed to make the ship-recycling industry more green and sustainable, and to gain international recognition. View Full-Text
Keywords: gap analysis; ship recycling; regulations; ship breaking; Hong Kong Convention gap analysis; ship recycling; regulations; ship breaking; Hong Kong Convention
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sunaryo, S.; Djatmiko, E.; Fariya, S.; Kurt, R.; Gunbeyaz, S. A Gap Analysis of Ship-Recycling Practices in Indonesia. Recycling 2021, 6, 48.

AMA Style

Sunaryo S, Djatmiko E, Fariya S, Kurt R, Gunbeyaz S. A Gap Analysis of Ship-Recycling Practices in Indonesia. Recycling. 2021; 6(3):48.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sunaryo, Sunaryo, Eko Djatmiko, Siti Fariya, Rafet Kurt, and Sefer Gunbeyaz. 2021. "A Gap Analysis of Ship-Recycling Practices in Indonesia" Recycling 6, no. 3: 48.

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