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Article

Recovery of Ag, Au, and Pt from Printed Circuit Boards by Pressure Leaching

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Department of Chemical Engineering and Metallurgy, University of Sonora, Hermosillo 83000, Mexico
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Department Biomedical Engineering, Unidad Hermosillo, Sonora State University, Hermosillo 83100, Mexico
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Retroworks of México S.A. of C.V., Fronteras 84320, Mexico
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ana Paula Paiva
Received: 22 August 2021 / Revised: 6 October 2021 / Accepted: 7 October 2021 / Published: 13 October 2021
Reclamation of printed circuit boards (PCBs) to recover metals is gaining growing attention due to minerals being non-renewable resources. Currently, metals extraction from PCBs through an efficient and green method is still under investigation. The present investigation concerns the recycling of printed circuit boards using hydrometallurgical processes. First, the basic metals (Cu, Ni, Zn and Fe) were separated using a sulfuric acid solution at moderate temperatures. The remaining solids were characterized by SEM-EDS, whereby a high content of precious metals (Au, Ag and Pt) was observed. In the second stage, solids were leached with a solution of HCl and NaClO in a 1-L titanium reactor with varied oxygen pressure (0.2, 0.34 and 0.55 MPa), temperature (40, 50 and 80 °C) and concentration of HCl (2 and 4 M), obtaining extractions above 95% at [HCl] = 4 M, P = 0.34 MPa and T = 40 °C. The extraction increased depending on the concentration of HCl. Eh–pH diagrams for Ag–Cl–H2O, Au–Cl–H2O and Pt–Cl–H2O were constructed to know the possible species in the solution. View Full-Text
Keywords: pressure leaching; precious metals; printed circuit boards; recycling pressure leaching; precious metals; printed circuit boards; recycling
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MDPI and ACS Style

Martinez-Ballesteros, G.; Valenzuela-García, J.L.; Gómez-Alvarez, A.; Encinas-Romero, M.A.; Mejía-Zamudio, F.A.; Rosas-Durazo, A.d.J.; Valenzuela-Frisby, R. Recovery of Ag, Au, and Pt from Printed Circuit Boards by Pressure Leaching. Recycling 2021, 6, 67. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/recycling6040067

AMA Style

Martinez-Ballesteros G, Valenzuela-García JL, Gómez-Alvarez A, Encinas-Romero MA, Mejía-Zamudio FA, Rosas-Durazo AdJ, Valenzuela-Frisby R. Recovery of Ag, Au, and Pt from Printed Circuit Boards by Pressure Leaching. Recycling. 2021; 6(4):67. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/recycling6040067

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martinez-Ballesteros, Guadalupe, Jesus L. Valenzuela-García, Agustin Gómez-Alvarez, Martin A. Encinas-Romero, Flerida A. Mejía-Zamudio, Aaron d.J. Rosas-Durazo, and Roberto Valenzuela-Frisby. 2021. "Recovery of Ag, Au, and Pt from Printed Circuit Boards by Pressure Leaching" Recycling 6, no. 4: 67. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/recycling6040067

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