This research presents the idea of a novel fully-Convolutional Neural Network (CNN)-based model for probabilistic pixel-wise segmentation, titled Encoder-decoder-based CNN for Road-Scene Understanding (ECRU). Lately, scene understanding has become an evolving research area, and semantic segmentation is the most recent method for visual recognition. Among vision-based smart systems, the driving assistance system turns out to be a much preferred research topic. The proposed model is an encoder-decoder that performs pixel-wise class predictions. The encoder network is composed of a VGG-19 layer model, while the decoder network uses 16 upsampling and deconvolution units. The encoder of the network has a very flexible architecture that can be altered and trained for any size and resolution of images. The decoder network upsamples and maps the low-resolution encoder’s features. Consequently, there is a substantial reduction in the trainable parameters, as the network recycles the encoder’s pooling indices for pixel-wise classification and segmentation. The proposed model is intended to offer a simplified CNN model with less overhead and higher performance. The network is trained and tested on the famous road scenes dataset CamVid and offers outstanding outcomes in comparison to similar early approaches like FCN and VGG16 in terms of performance vs. trainable parameters.
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