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Article

Consequences of Increases in Wild Boar-Vehicle Accidents 2003–2016 in Sweden on Personal Injuries and Costs

1
Calluna AB, Hästholmsvägen 28, SE-131 30 Nacka, Sweden
2
Department of Construction Engineering and Lighting Science, School of Engineering, Jönköping University, P.O. Box 1026, SE-551 11 Jönköping, Sweden
3
Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7013, SE-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 October 2018 / Revised: 11 November 2018 / Accepted: 14 November 2018 / Published: 19 November 2018
This study examined whether the rising trends of wild boar (Sus scrofa)-vehicle accidents in Sweden are accompanied by a higher amount of personal injuries and costs. Temporal trends in accident frequencies and the number of persons injured in wild boar-vehicle accidents were examined for 2003–2016, and the cost of wild boar-vehicle accidents was calculated. Results show increases in the number of personal injuries, and increased costs, particularly after 2010–2012. The total number of wild boar accidents correlated with the number of injured persons as well as with the number of accidents with personal injuries. Approximately one person (1.13%) is injured per 100 wild boar-vehicle accidents, and approximately one accident per 200 wild boar-vehicle accidents will result in one or more persons with injuries (0.5%). However, most of the persons injured have slighter injuries. Although the number of wild boar-vehicle accidents and the number of persons injured in the accidents have increased, the frequency of accidents resulting in personal injuries is still at low levels in comparison with, for example, frequencies of personal injuries for moose accidents. The cost for wild boar-vehicle accidents has increased between 2003 to 2016 and is currently estimated to vary between approximately EUR 9.66–12.31 million per year. View Full-Text
Keywords: wildlife-vehicle collisions; accident risks; costs; Sus scrofa wildlife-vehicle collisions; accident risks; costs; Sus scrofa
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jägerbrand, A.K.; Gren, I.-M. Consequences of Increases in Wild Boar-Vehicle Accidents 2003–2016 in Sweden on Personal Injuries and Costs. Safety 2018, 4, 53. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/safety4040053

AMA Style

Jägerbrand AK, Gren I-M. Consequences of Increases in Wild Boar-Vehicle Accidents 2003–2016 in Sweden on Personal Injuries and Costs. Safety. 2018; 4(4):53. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/safety4040053

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jägerbrand, Annika K., and Ing-Marie Gren. 2018. "Consequences of Increases in Wild Boar-Vehicle Accidents 2003–2016 in Sweden on Personal Injuries and Costs" Safety 4, no. 4: 53. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/safety4040053

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