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Reporting as a Key Element of an Effective Near-Miss Management System in Shipping

1
Maritime Department, University of Dubrovnik, 20000 Dubrovnik, Croatia
2
Faculty of Maritime Studies, University of Rijeka, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 August 2020 / Revised: 6 November 2020 / Accepted: 24 November 2020 / Published: 1 December 2020
Shipping is a high-risk industry and prone to accidents. A near-miss management system is an important aspect of the safety performance in shipping because the causes are the same for near-misses and accidents. Reporting, analyzing, and learning from near-misses can prevent the recurrence of accidents and thus improve safety on ships. This paper addresses near-miss management systems in shipping and provides insights into the quality of the implementation of these systems, with an emphasis on the importance of reporting. Research data were derived from two surveys and supported by data gained from near-miss reports and existing literature reviews. Professional seafarers of various ranks, ages, nationalities, and experiences, serving on tankers, cruise ships, bulk carriers, and container ships, voluntarily participated in these surveys. The first survey comprised 223 participants, and the second survey involved 22 participants. The research results indicate that near-miss reporting is inadequate, and several barriers limit appropriate near-miss reporting. The difficulty of seafarers in identifying near-miss events was found to be one of the major barriers to near-miss reporting at sea. Based on this research, a conceptual model of a near-miss management system was developed, and measures that can be applied to overcome barriers and increase reporting are proposed. View Full-Text
Keywords: near-miss; safety; near-miss reporting; shipping near-miss; safety; near-miss reporting; shipping
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hasanspahić, N.; Frančić, V.; Vujičić, S.; Maglić, L. Reporting as a Key Element of an Effective Near-Miss Management System in Shipping. Safety 2020, 6, 53. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/safety6040053

AMA Style

Hasanspahić N, Frančić V, Vujičić S, Maglić L. Reporting as a Key Element of an Effective Near-Miss Management System in Shipping. Safety. 2020; 6(4):53. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/safety6040053

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hasanspahić, Nermin, Vlado Frančić, Srđan Vujičić, and Lovro Maglić. 2020. "Reporting as a Key Element of an Effective Near-Miss Management System in Shipping" Safety 6, no. 4: 53. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/safety6040053

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