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Article

Retrofitting Agricultural Self-Propelled Machines with Roll-Over and Tip-Over Protective Structures

1
Italian Workers’ Compensation Authority (INAIL) Via Fontana Candida, 1, Monte Porzio Catone, 00078 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences—Production, Territory, Agroenergy, University of Milan, 20133 Milan, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tom Brijs
Received: 30 March 2021 / Revised: 24 May 2021 / Accepted: 2 June 2021 / Published: 4 June 2021
In the agricultural sector, the loss of stability related to the use of self-propelled agricultural machinery (SPAM) has caused and continues to cause accidents, often with fatal outcomes. The probability of occurrence of this risk can be reduced by acting on various aspects, but above all the presence of a protective structure is necessary. Depending on the machine, the protective structure can be a roll-over protective structure (ROPS), or a tip-over protective structure (TOPS). Hence, to reduce this gap, a reverse engineering approach and virtual engineering methods were applied starting from the analysis of harmonized standards actually in force, with the goal of providing both a reference procedure to be used in the risk assessment analysis of SPAM’s protective structures and technical information to manufacture and install protective structure on old agricultural machinery. Two representative case studies were used to validate the procedure by means of finite element method (FEM) analyses and computer aided design (CAD) prototyping. Results show that the proposed approach can represent a useful indication for the safety update of this type of machinery. View Full-Text
Keywords: occupational health and safety (OHS); machinery safety; risk assessment; agricultural machinery; roll-over protective structure (ROPS); tip-over protective structure (TOPS); self-propelled agricultural machinery (SPAM); OECD Codes; reverse engineering; finite element method (FEM) occupational health and safety (OHS); machinery safety; risk assessment; agricultural machinery; roll-over protective structure (ROPS); tip-over protective structure (TOPS); self-propelled agricultural machinery (SPAM); OECD Codes; reverse engineering; finite element method (FEM)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vita, L.; Gattamelata, D.; Pessina, D. Retrofitting Agricultural Self-Propelled Machines with Roll-Over and Tip-Over Protective Structures. Safety 2021, 7, 46. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/safety7020046

AMA Style

Vita L, Gattamelata D, Pessina D. Retrofitting Agricultural Self-Propelled Machines with Roll-Over and Tip-Over Protective Structures. Safety. 2021; 7(2):46. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/safety7020046

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vita, Leonardo, Davide Gattamelata, and Domenico Pessina. 2021. "Retrofitting Agricultural Self-Propelled Machines with Roll-Over and Tip-Over Protective Structures" Safety 7, no. 2: 46. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/safety7020046

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