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Article

How Just Culture and Personal Goals Moderate the Positive Relation between Commercial Pilots’ Safety Citizenship Behavior and Voluntary Incident Reporting

Chair of Work, Organisational & Business Psychology, Department of Psychology, Ruhr University Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tom Brijs
Received: 12 May 2021 / Revised: 4 August 2021 / Accepted: 6 August 2021 / Published: 17 August 2021
Flight safety is consistently influenced by pilots’ self-inflicted incidents in routine flight operations. For airlines, pilots’ reports on these incidents are essential input to learn from incidents (LFI) and for various safety management processes. This paper aims to explain the voluntary reporting behavior of pilots’ self-inflicted incidents from an occupational safety perspective. We investigate how the relation between pilots’ safety citizenship behavior (SCB) and reporting behavior is moderated by pilots’ fear, shame, goals, and goal-striving when reporting, as well as the influence of a just culture on the decision to report incidents. In total, 202 German commercial pilots participated in an online survey. The results showed that reporting behavior can be considered a specific form of self-intentional SCB, but should be differentiated into subtypes depending on a pilot’s unsafe acts (errors or violations) that caused the incident. Reporting behavior-specific motivational factors influenced different subtypes of reporting behavior: Just culture moderated a positive relation between SCB and reported incidents caused by violations. Moreover, depending on the subtype of reporting behavior, the relation was moderated by different types of goals in relation to the pilots. No moderating effects of fear or shame could be demonstrated. Our findings highlight the value of a just culture for encouraging goal-oriented reporting behavior in the context of LFI and safety management. View Full-Text
Keywords: organizational safety; learning from incidents (LFI); safety citizenship behavior (SCB); voluntary reporting behavior; just culture; personal goals organizational safety; learning from incidents (LFI); safety citizenship behavior (SCB); voluntary reporting behavior; just culture; personal goals
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sieberichs, S.; Kluge, A. How Just Culture and Personal Goals Moderate the Positive Relation between Commercial Pilots’ Safety Citizenship Behavior and Voluntary Incident Reporting. Safety 2021, 7, 59. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/safety7030059

AMA Style

Sieberichs S, Kluge A. How Just Culture and Personal Goals Moderate the Positive Relation between Commercial Pilots’ Safety Citizenship Behavior and Voluntary Incident Reporting. Safety. 2021; 7(3):59. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/safety7030059

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sieberichs, Sebastian, and Annette Kluge. 2021. "How Just Culture and Personal Goals Moderate the Positive Relation between Commercial Pilots’ Safety Citizenship Behavior and Voluntary Incident Reporting" Safety 7, no. 3: 59. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/safety7030059

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