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Article

Women’s Knowledge and Awareness of the Effect of Age on Fertility in Kazakhstan

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Department of Medicine, Nazarbayev University School of Medicine, Nur-Sultan 010000, Kazakhstan
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Spanish Network of Health Services Research and Chronic Diseases (REDISSEC), 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Clinical Academic Department of Women’s Health, National Research Center of Mother and Child Health, University Medical Center, Nur-Sultan 010000, Kazakhstan
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Department of Cell Biology, Histology and Embryology, Gottfried Schatz Research Center for Cell Signaling, Metabolism & Aging, Medical University of Graz, 8036 Graz, Austria
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Department of Biomedical Sciences, Nazarbayev University School of Medicine, Nur-Sultan 010000, Kazakhstan
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Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 November 2020 / Revised: 9 December 2020 / Accepted: 14 December 2020 / Published: 16 December 2020
An accurate understanding of reproductive facts is essential for appropriate decision making regarding whether, when, and how to conceive. The objective of this study was to investigate women’s knowledge of how age affects fertility and their knowledge about the effectiveness for assisted reproductive technologies for treating fertility. A cross-sectional study was conducted including women seeking fertility treatment at the University Medical Center, Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan in 2018–2019. Patients were interviewed with a structured questionnaire. Socio-demographic, clinical characteristics, and knowledge and awareness about the implications of aging for fertility (advanced maternal age (AMA)) and pregnancy outcomes using fertility treatments (assisted reproductive technologies ((ART)) and the sum of both scores total knowledge score (TKS). TKS mean was 7.7 (SD = 2.1), AMA was 5.0 (SD = 1.5), and ART was 2.7 (SD = 1.5). No socio-demographic factors correlated with lower knowledge. Fertility knowledge was found to be low. No differences were found associated with socio-economic level, although they were identified in women with certain types of infertility and a history of gynecological problems. Delaying childbearing based on incorrect perceptions of female fertility could lead to involuntary childlessness. Health education regarding fertility has to be part of broader health promotion programs to enhance awareness of the effect of age on fertility. View Full-Text
Keywords: advanced age; fertility; infertility; delaying childbearing advanced age; fertility; infertility; delaying childbearing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sarría-Santamera, A.; Bapayeva, G.; Utepova, G.; Krstic, J.; Terzic, S.; Aimagambetova, G.; Shauyen, F.; Terzic, M. Women’s Knowledge and Awareness of the Effect of Age on Fertility in Kazakhstan. Sexes 2020, 1, 60-71. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/sexes1010006

AMA Style

Sarría-Santamera A, Bapayeva G, Utepova G, Krstic J, Terzic S, Aimagambetova G, Shauyen F, Terzic M. Women’s Knowledge and Awareness of the Effect of Age on Fertility in Kazakhstan. Sexes. 2020; 1(1):60-71. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/sexes1010006

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sarría-Santamera, Antonio, Gauri Bapayeva, Gulnara Utepova, Jelena Krstic, Sanja Terzic, Gulzhanat Aimagambetova, Fariza Shauyen, and Milan Terzic. 2020. "Women’s Knowledge and Awareness of the Effect of Age on Fertility in Kazakhstan" Sexes 1, no. 1: 60-71. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/sexes1010006

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