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Article

Male Sexual Health and Sexual Behaviors during the First National COVID-19 Lockdown in a Western Country: A Real-Life, Web-Based Study

1
Chair of Endocrinology & Medical Sexology (ENDOSEX), Department of Systems Medicine, University of Rome Tor Vergata, 00133 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation, Section of Internal Medicine, Endocrinology, Andrology and Metabolic Diseases, University of Bari Aldo Moro, 70121 Bari, Italy
3
Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology, and Health Studies, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy
4
Division of Endocrinology, Department of Clinical and Molecular Sciences, Umberto I Hospital, Polytechnic University of Marche, 60121 Ancona, Italy
5
Flare-Health, 1183DJ Amstelveen, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David L. Rowland
Received: 17 May 2021 / Revised: 29 June 2021 / Accepted: 2 July 2021 / Published: 5 July 2021
Restriction measures enacted during the COVID-19 pandemic had severe effects on male sexual and reproductive health. We aimed to investigate the real-life impact and perception of sexual function in 2020 in Italy, as the first Western country experiencing a national lockdown by measuring relative search volume for keywords pertaining to sexual health and behaviors provided by Google Trends and sales data for pro-erectile treatments. No significant change was observed for erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation. Interest towards most phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors decreased significantly during lockdown (e.g., sildenafil, p = 0.0002; tadalafil p = 0.0016), then reverted to pre-lockdown levels (e.g., sildenafil, p < 0.0001; tadalafil p < 0.0001), mirroring a concomitant sales decrement (p = 0.0292). A subsequent recovery to previous levels at the end of the social confinement was also found (e.g., after vs. before lockdown, sildenafil, p = 0.8459; tadalafil p = 0.1166). During lockdown, interest towards pornography significantly increased during restrictions (p = 0.0053) and remained high (after vs. before lockdown, p = 0.0004), whereas interest towards paid and casual sex declined (p = 0.0015 and p = 0.049, respectively), then reverted to previous levels (after vs. before lockdown, p = 0.3969 and 0.8373, respectively). During the first Italian lockdown, we observed a transient but measurable decrease of sexual health-seeking behaviors and changes in sexual behaviors, with unknown impact for sexual medicine and public health. View Full-Text
Keywords: erectile dysfunction; phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors; premature ejaculation; dapoxetine; google trends; COVID-19; lockdown; sexual behavior; pornography erectile dysfunction; phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors; premature ejaculation; dapoxetine; google trends; COVID-19; lockdown; sexual behavior; pornography
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sansone, A.; Mollaioli, D.; Cignarelli, A.; Ciocca, G.; Limoncin, E.; Colonnello, E.; Balercia, G.; Reisman, Y.; Jannini, E.A. Male Sexual Health and Sexual Behaviors during the First National COVID-19 Lockdown in a Western Country: A Real-Life, Web-Based Study. Sexes 2021, 2, 293-304. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/sexes2030023

AMA Style

Sansone A, Mollaioli D, Cignarelli A, Ciocca G, Limoncin E, Colonnello E, Balercia G, Reisman Y, Jannini EA. Male Sexual Health and Sexual Behaviors during the First National COVID-19 Lockdown in a Western Country: A Real-Life, Web-Based Study. Sexes. 2021; 2(3):293-304. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/sexes2030023

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sansone, Andrea, Daniele Mollaioli, Angelo Cignarelli, Giacomo Ciocca, Erika Limoncin, Elena Colonnello, Giancarlo Balercia, Yacov Reisman, and Emmanuele A. Jannini 2021. "Male Sexual Health and Sexual Behaviors during the First National COVID-19 Lockdown in a Western Country: A Real-Life, Web-Based Study" Sexes 2, no. 3: 293-304. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/sexes2030023

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