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Retraction: Amathes, P.; et al. Interpreting Locked Photographic Data: The Case of Apollo 17 Photo GPN-2000-00113. Designs 2021, 5, 8
Article

Smart Management of the Production–Demand Binomial and the Active Participation of End-User through the Smart Metering Support

Department of Mechanical, Energy and Management Engineering, University of Calabria—Arcavacata, 87036 Rende, Cosenza, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hamid Reza Karimi
Received: 15 February 2021 / Revised: 15 March 2021 / Accepted: 15 March 2021 / Published: 22 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Engineering)
At global level nowadays, there is a general movement towards the goal of a ‘zero-emission’ energy systems. It will require a necessary energy transition characterized by a continuous increase of generation facilities from renewable energy sources (RES), from a massive increase in energy efficiency and, contemporary, an increased use of electricity to meet the energy needs traditionally required through the direct use of fossil fuels. In order to provide end-users with a greater knowledge and awareness of their energy consumption and the benefits of distributed use of renewable energy sources, it is fundamental to employ a smart metering progress which can enable an evolved and ‘smart’ management of the production–demand binomial and an active participation in the energy system. The importance of functionalities implemented in a smart meter—for end-user engagement, empowerment, and awareness—is presented in the paper. For instance, we present a simple optimization functionality for photovoltaic (PV) and storage system sizing based on load and production duration curves and historical data collected by the smart meter with fine resolution. The ease of this functionality uses a data history with extremely high resolutions, which are able to measure the power ramps that occur when an appliance or any other load is connected. An example of application of the smart meter functionality and test cases’ analysis are reported to demonstrate the effectiveness of the tool. View Full-Text
Keywords: end-user engagement; energy awareness; photovoltaic system; smart meter functionalities; IoT technology; smart grids end-user engagement; energy awareness; photovoltaic system; smart meter functionalities; IoT technology; smart grids
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pinnarelli, A.; Menniti, D.; Sorrentino, N.; Mendicino, L.; Mendicino, S. Smart Management of the Production–Demand Binomial and the Active Participation of End-User through the Smart Metering Support. Designs 2021, 5, 22. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/designs5010022

AMA Style

Pinnarelli A, Menniti D, Sorrentino N, Mendicino L, Mendicino S. Smart Management of the Production–Demand Binomial and the Active Participation of End-User through the Smart Metering Support. Designs. 2021; 5(1):22. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/designs5010022

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pinnarelli, Anna, Daniele Menniti, Nicola Sorrentino, Luca Mendicino, and Stefano Mendicino. 2021. "Smart Management of the Production–Demand Binomial and the Active Participation of End-User through the Smart Metering Support" Designs 5, no. 1: 22. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/designs5010022

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