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Open AccessArticle

Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Rectangular Liquid-Containing Structures under Seismic Excitation

1
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Ottawa, 161 Louis Pasteur Private, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada
2
Department of Civil Engineering, Ryerson University, 350 Victoria Street, Toronto, ON M5B 2K3, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 December 2020 / Accepted: 16 December 2020 / Published: 22 December 2020
Liquid-containing structures are used for various municipal and industrial applications. The functionality of these structures in seismic regions is crucial. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the behavior of liquid under seismic excitations using numerical modelling. For this purpose, experimental and numerical studies are conducted. In the experimental tests, a ground-supported rectangular tank is excited on a shaking table. The tests are videotaped from two directions and subsequently analyzed frame-by-frame. Four different orientations are tested to investigate the effect of bilateral excitation. In the numerical simulations, the same tank is modeled in OpenFOAM—a computational fluid dynamics program—and the same excitations are applied. The results from the numerical and the experimental studies are compared, and reliability of the numerical model is discussed. Furthermore, using the numerical model, the pressure on the roof of the tank is obtained at various locations and examined for different excitations. View Full-Text
Keywords: liquid container; computational fluid dynamics; OpenFOAM; earthquake; sloshing; water tank; resonance liquid container; computational fluid dynamics; OpenFOAM; earthquake; sloshing; water tank; resonance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bahreini Toussi, I.; Kianoush, R.; Mohammadian, A. Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Rectangular Liquid-Containing Structures under Seismic Excitation. Infrastructures 2021, 6, 1. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/infrastructures6010001

AMA Style

Bahreini Toussi I, Kianoush R, Mohammadian A. Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Rectangular Liquid-Containing Structures under Seismic Excitation. Infrastructures. 2021; 6(1):1. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/infrastructures6010001

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bahreini Toussi, Iman; Kianoush, Reza; Mohammadian, Abdolmajid. 2021. "Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Rectangular Liquid-Containing Structures under Seismic Excitation" Infrastructures 6, no. 1: 1. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/infrastructures6010001

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