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Review

The Development of the Smart Cities in the Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAVs) Era: From Mobility Patterns to Scaling in Cities

1
Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Kore University of Enna, Cittadella Universitaria, 94100 Enna, Italy
2
Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture, University of Catania, 95123 Catania, Italy
3
Department of City and Regional Planning, School of Architecture and Planning, University of Management and Technology, Lahore 54770, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Seyed Ali Ghahari, Lateef Assi, Ehsan Ghafari, Kursat Esat Alyamac and Shabnam Ghotbi
Received: 21 May 2021 / Revised: 2 July 2021 / Accepted: 5 July 2021 / Published: 8 July 2021
Smart cities aim to integrate technological development with different functions/components such as mobility, management of energy, natural resources, water, and the waste cycle, air quality, land use, service network, construction, but also the economy, social participation, increased employment, and citizen safety. It includes a series of coordinated and integrated social, environmental and economic interventions to enhance human capital, reduce environmental impacts and solve ecological emergencies. The holistic approach is particular to smart cities, including several mobility aspects in the main European classifications. In particular, the development of smart cities depends on several factors related to transport supply (i.e., mobility service, infrastructure details, ICT) and demand (socio-demographic aspects), and the size of the city. This paper provides an overview of the development of smart cities by defining a methodology that allows the identification of criteria for determining the optimisation of urban mobility with a particular interest in the development of future autonomous mobility. The analysis of current literature on the concept of smart cities and new mobility technologies made it possible to analyse the compatibility between them and possible criticalities. The definition of criteria lays the groundwork for future research steps focused on the application of multicriteria analysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart city; CAVs; sustainable urban mobility; city dimension; intelligent transportation system smart city; CAVs; sustainable urban mobility; city dimension; intelligent transportation system
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MDPI and ACS Style

Campisi, T.; Severino, A.; Al-Rashid, M.A.; Pau, G. The Development of the Smart Cities in the Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAVs) Era: From Mobility Patterns to Scaling in Cities. Infrastructures 2021, 6, 100. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/infrastructures6070100

AMA Style

Campisi T, Severino A, Al-Rashid MA, Pau G. The Development of the Smart Cities in the Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAVs) Era: From Mobility Patterns to Scaling in Cities. Infrastructures. 2021; 6(7):100. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/infrastructures6070100

Chicago/Turabian Style

Campisi, Tiziana, Alessandro Severino, Muhammad A. Al-Rashid, and Giovanni Pau. 2021. "The Development of the Smart Cities in the Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAVs) Era: From Mobility Patterns to Scaling in Cities" Infrastructures 6, no. 7: 100. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/infrastructures6070100

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