Next Article in Journal
Evolution of Additive Manufacturing in Civil Infrastructure Systems: A Ten-Year Review
Next Article in Special Issue
Assessment of Traffic Sign Comprehension Levels among Drivers in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, UAE
Previous Article in Journal
Barriers towards Resilient Performance among Public Critical Infrastructure Organizations: The Refugee Influx Case of 2015 in Sweden
Previous Article in Special Issue
Utilizing UAVs Technology on Microscopic Traffic Naturalistic Data Acquirement
Article

Characteristics of Crashes Caused by Distracted Driving on Rural and Suburban Roadways in Jordan

1
Department of Civil Engineering, The Hashemite University, Zarqa 13133, Jordan
2
Department of Civil Engineering and Quantity Surveying, Military Technological College, Al Matart Street, Muscat 111, Oman
3
Civil Engineering Department, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan
4
Department of Civil Engineering, Applied Science Private University, Amman 11931, Jordan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Krzysztof Goniewicz, Robert Czerski and Marek Kustra
Received: 18 June 2021 / Revised: 20 July 2021 / Accepted: 22 July 2021 / Published: 29 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transport Systems: Safety Modeling, Visions and Strategies)
The objective of this study was to identify the most salient driver faults that cause crashes on some Jordanian rural and suburban roadway segments, to examine crashes with distracted driving as the driver’s fault, and to investigate the differences between crashes caused by distracted driving. Data for more than 10,200 crashes on nine roadway segments (five rural and four suburban) were accessed from the relevant government agency, but only n = 2472 were used for analysis after controlling for crashes specified as being caused by drivers’ distracted driving. IBM SPSS version 22 was used to perform descriptive analysis and independent samples’ t-tests. The results revealed that distracted driving was the second most common driver fault to cause crashes and the second main cause of fatalities and injuries on both rural and suburban roadways. Distracted driving on rural highways appears to be more fatal, whereas it caused more crashes with severe injuries on suburban roads. The variables at junction, road grade, number of lanes, weather condition, crash type, and number of vehicles involved were found to be statistically significant but with a small effect size. The following categories showed high percentages of distracted driving crashes on rural and suburban roadways: males, drivers 25–39 years old, non-holidays, weekdays, tangent sections, two-way divided roads, not at junction, level roads, two-lane roads, clear weather, dry surface, daylight, and automobile vehicles showed high percentages of distracted driving crashes on rural and suburban roadways. Differences between crashes on rural and suburban roadways caused by distracted driving were found to be small. View Full-Text
Keywords: attention; crashes; distraction; drivers’ fault; traffic safety attention; crashes; distraction; drivers’ fault; traffic safety
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Al-Rousan, T.M.; Umar, A.A.; Al-Omari, A.A. Characteristics of Crashes Caused by Distracted Driving on Rural and Suburban Roadways in Jordan. Infrastructures 2021, 6, 107. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/infrastructures6080107

AMA Style

Al-Rousan TM, Umar AA, Al-Omari AA. Characteristics of Crashes Caused by Distracted Driving on Rural and Suburban Roadways in Jordan. Infrastructures. 2021; 6(8):107. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/infrastructures6080107

Chicago/Turabian Style

Al-Rousan, Taleb M., Abdullahi A. Umar, and Aslam A. Al-Omari 2021. "Characteristics of Crashes Caused by Distracted Driving on Rural and Suburban Roadways in Jordan" Infrastructures 6, no. 8: 107. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/infrastructures6080107

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop