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Review

Modification of Critical Current Density Anisotropy in High-Tc Superconductors by Using Heavy-Ion Irradiations

Department of Electrical Engineering, Kyushu Sangyo University, 2-3-1 Matsukadai Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 813-8503, Japan
Academic Editor: Akihiro Iwase
Quantum Beam Sci. 2021, 5(2), 16; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/qubs5020016
Received: 21 March 2021 / Revised: 17 May 2021 / Accepted: 18 May 2021 / Published: 21 May 2021
The critical current density Jc, which is a maximum value of zero-resistivity current density, is required to exhibit not only larger value but also lower anisotropy in a magnetic field B for applications of high-Tc superconductors. Heavy-ion irradiation introduces nanometer-scale irradiation tracks, i.e., columnar defects (CDs) into high-Tc superconducting materials, which can modify both the absolute value and the anisotropy of Jc in a controlled manner: the unique structures of CDs, which significantly affect the Jc properties, are engineered by adjusting the irradiation conditions such as the irradiation energy and the incident direction. This paper reviews the modifications of the Jc anisotropy in high-Tc superconductors using CDs installed by heavy-ion irradiations. The direction-dispersion of CDs, which is tuned by the combination of the plural irradiation directions, can provide a variety of the magnetic field angular variations of Jc in high-Tc superconductors: CDs crossing at ±θi relative to the c-axis of YBa2Cu3Oy films induce a broad peak of Jc centered at B || c for θi < ±45°, whereas the crossing angle of θi ≥ ±45° cause not a Jc peak centered at B || c but two peaks of Jc at the irradiation angles. The anisotropy of Jc can also modified by tuning the continuity of CDs: short segmented CDs formed by heavy-ion irradiation with relatively low energy are more effective to improve Jc in a wide magnetic field angular region. The modifications of the Jc anisotropy are discussed on the basis of both structures of CDs and flux line structures depending on the magnetic field directions. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-Tc superconductors; critical current density; flux pinning; heavy-ion irradiation; columnar defects; anisotropy high-Tc superconductors; critical current density; flux pinning; heavy-ion irradiation; columnar defects; anisotropy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sueyoshi, T. Modification of Critical Current Density Anisotropy in High-Tc Superconductors by Using Heavy-Ion Irradiations. Quantum Beam Sci. 2021, 5, 16. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/qubs5020016

AMA Style

Sueyoshi T. Modification of Critical Current Density Anisotropy in High-Tc Superconductors by Using Heavy-Ion Irradiations. Quantum Beam Science. 2021; 5(2):16. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/qubs5020016

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sueyoshi, Tetsuro. 2021. "Modification of Critical Current Density Anisotropy in High-Tc Superconductors by Using Heavy-Ion Irradiations" Quantum Beam Science 5, no. 2: 16. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/qubs5020016

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