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The Contribution of Urban Morphology to the Formation of the Microclimate in Compact Urban Cores: A Study in the City Center of Thessaloniki

School of Spatial Planning and Development, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 541 24 Thessaloniki, Greece
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Academic Editor: Panagiotis Nastos
Received: 11 March 2021 / Revised: 12 April 2021 / Accepted: 14 April 2021 / Published: 16 April 2021
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the contribution of urban morphology to the formation of microclimatic conditions prevailing within urban outdoor spaces. We studied the compact form of a city and examined, at a detailed, street plan level, elements related to air temperature, urban ventilation, and the individual’s thermal comfort. All elements examined are directly affected by both the urban form and the availability of open and green spaces. The field study took place in a typical compact urban fabric of an old city center, the city center of Thessaloniki, where we investigated the relationship between urban morphology and microclimate. Urban morphology was gauged by examining the detailed street plan, along with the local building patterns. We used a simulation method based on the ENVI-met© software. The findings of the field study highlight the fact that the street layout, the urban canyon, and the open and green spaces in a compact urban form contribute decisively both to the creation of the microclimatic conditions and to the influence of the bioclimatic parameters. View Full-Text
Keywords: compact urban form; open and green spaces; urban canyons; urban ventilation; thermal comfort compact urban form; open and green spaces; urban canyons; urban ventilation; thermal comfort
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kouklis, G.-R.; Yiannakou, A. The Contribution of Urban Morphology to the Formation of the Microclimate in Compact Urban Cores: A Study in the City Center of Thessaloniki. Urban Sci. 2021, 5, 37. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/urbansci5020037

AMA Style

Kouklis G-R, Yiannakou A. The Contribution of Urban Morphology to the Formation of the Microclimate in Compact Urban Cores: A Study in the City Center of Thessaloniki. Urban Science. 2021; 5(2):37. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/urbansci5020037

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kouklis, Georgios-Rafail, and Athena Yiannakou. 2021. "The Contribution of Urban Morphology to the Formation of the Microclimate in Compact Urban Cores: A Study in the City Center of Thessaloniki" Urban Science 5, no. 2: 37. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/urbansci5020037

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