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Residential Segregation and Living Conditions. An Analysis of Social Inequalities in Catalonia from Four Spatial Perspectives

Research Group on Energy, Territory and Society, Department of Geography, Autonomous University of Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain
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Academic Editors: Juan Manuel Parreño Castellano, María José Piñeira-Mantiñán, Jesús Manuel González Pérez, David Plane and Simon Springer
Received: 24 February 2021 / Revised: 6 May 2021 / Accepted: 26 May 2021 / Published: 31 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fragmented City: International Mobility and Housing in Spain)
Spatial inequalities in living conditions have traditionally been attributed to geographical location, the opposition between urban and rural settings or the size of settlements. Accordingly, the geographical literature has used these oppositions to explain not only differences in access to education, work and services but also diversity of lifestyles, beliefs and even political attitudes. In recent decades, however, urban areas have extended their scope, urbanization has become more dispersed, territories have become more interdependent and spatial hierarchies have tended to weaken. At the same time, social inequalities have become more marked, as manifested spatially by residential segregation. This article puts forward the thesis that residential segregation constitutes a considerably better explanatory factor currently for the elucidation of social inequalities and differences in living conditions in regional spaces than geographical location, the urban/rural divide or the size of settlements. A set of key indicators in the population of residents in Catalonia (level of education, socio-economic position, risk of poverty, self-perceived health and life satisfaction) are therefore analyzed from various spatial perspectives to explore this argument and evaluate each indicator’s explanatory potential. The main results seem to confirm the hypothesis that the most striking spatial inequalities are associated with residential segregation. View Full-Text
Keywords: residential segregation; living conditions; spatial inequalities; urbanization process residential segregation; living conditions; spatial inequalities; urbanization process
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MDPI and ACS Style

Checa, J.; Nel·lo, O. Residential Segregation and Living Conditions. An Analysis of Social Inequalities in Catalonia from Four Spatial Perspectives. Urban Sci. 2021, 5, 45. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/urbansci5020045

AMA Style

Checa J, Nel·lo O. Residential Segregation and Living Conditions. An Analysis of Social Inequalities in Catalonia from Four Spatial Perspectives. Urban Science. 2021; 5(2):45. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/urbansci5020045

Chicago/Turabian Style

Checa, Joan, and Oriol Nel·lo. 2021. "Residential Segregation and Living Conditions. An Analysis of Social Inequalities in Catalonia from Four Spatial Perspectives" Urban Science 5, no. 2: 45. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/urbansci5020045

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