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Article

The Climate Fluctuation of the 8.2 ka BP Cooling Event and the Transition into Neolithic Lifeways in North China

by 1,2,3
1
School of Cultural Heritage, Northwest University, Xi’an 710069, China
2
Department of Anthropology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
3
The Louis Frieberg Center for East Asian Studies, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91905, Israel
Received: 22 May 2020 / Revised: 4 July 2020 / Accepted: 13 July 2020 / Published: 4 August 2020
Early Neolithic lifeways in North China, which are marked by a low-level food production economy, population aggregation, and sedentism, thrived just after the period of a climatic cooling event at 8.2 ka. Instead of simply regarding this climate fluctuation as a cause for the significant socio-economic transition, this paper attempts to explore the interplay between people’s choices of coping strategies with climate change as a perspective to learn how people respond to this climate fluctuation and how such responses generated the interlocked socio-economic transitions. This analysis indicates that pre-existing changes in human adaptive behaviors prior to the cooling events were sufficient to enable people in certain areas to apply the intensification of food procurement in circumscribed territories as a strategy to cope with the climate fluctuations of the 8.2 ka BP cooling event. The application of such a coping strategy facilitated the economic and sociopolitical transition into Neolithic lifeways and led to the flourishing development of Neolithic cultures after 8 ka BP in North China. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate fluctuation; 8.2 ka BP cooling event; transitional sites; Early Neolithic; adaptive strategy; North China climate fluctuation; 8.2 ka BP cooling event; transitional sites; Early Neolithic; adaptive strategy; North China
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhao, C. The Climate Fluctuation of the 8.2 ka BP Cooling Event and the Transition into Neolithic Lifeways in North China. Quaternary 2020, 3, 23. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/quat3030023

AMA Style

Zhao C. The Climate Fluctuation of the 8.2 ka BP Cooling Event and the Transition into Neolithic Lifeways in North China. Quaternary. 2020; 3(3):23. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/quat3030023

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhao, Chao. 2020. "The Climate Fluctuation of the 8.2 ka BP Cooling Event and the Transition into Neolithic Lifeways in North China" Quaternary 3, no. 3: 23. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/quat3030023

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