Next Article in Journal
Comparison of Climate Model Simulations of the Younger Dryas Cold Event
Next Article in Special Issue
Early Grain Cultivation and Starting Processes in the Japanese Archipelago
Previous Article in Journal
The LAST Coring Platform You Will Ever Need: Light, Affordable, Stable, and Transportable
Previous Article in Special Issue
Modeling Incipient Use of Neolithic Cultigens by Taiwanese Foragers: Perspectives from Niche Variation Theory, the Prey Choice Model, and the Ideal Free Distribution
Article

Alternative Adaptation Strategy during the Paleolithic–Neolithic Transition: Potential Use of Aquatic Resources in the Western Middle Yangtze Valley, China

1
Department of Anthropology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA
2
Hubei Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Wuhan 430077, China
3
Department of History, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 June 2020 / Revised: 8 September 2020 / Accepted: 14 September 2020 / Published: 21 September 2020
The middle Yangtze Valley is an important region for studying the origin of rice agriculture. Archaeological remains of rice have been found in sites such as Pengtoushan and Bashidang as early as 8000 years ago. However, we know little about the adaptive diversity in this region as research has mostly focused on rice cultivation. With the help of new discoveries, this paper explores another adaptation behavior pattern that emphasizes the utilization of aquatic resources in the western part of the Jianghan Plain during the Paleolithic–Neolithic transition. Although the sea level was continuously rising with the warming process of early Holocene, the lakes that later became widely distributed were still in formation, thus not available for human utilization in the middle Yangtze Valley. However, most notably, the amelioration of the environment was producing a sort of new niche: utilizing aquatic resources became possible at least in parts of this region. A case study from the Guanzhou Site, based on lithics, suggests there were increasing demands for the utilization of aquatic resources. The study proposes that at least two different adaptation strategy changes occurred in the western Jianghan Plain during the Paleolithic–Neolithic transition, i.e., rice agriculture or complex hunting–gathering. These strategies represent adaptations to the different ecological conditions at the crossroads of habitat types. View Full-Text
Keywords: complex hunting–gathering; Paleolithic–Neolithic transition; aquatic utilization; China complex hunting–gathering; Paleolithic–Neolithic transition; aquatic utilization; China
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, R.; Liu, H.; Chen, S. Alternative Adaptation Strategy during the Paleolithic–Neolithic Transition: Potential Use of Aquatic Resources in the Western Middle Yangtze Valley, China. Quaternary 2020, 3, 28. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/quat3030028

AMA Style

Liu R, Liu H, Chen S. Alternative Adaptation Strategy during the Paleolithic–Neolithic Transition: Potential Use of Aquatic Resources in the Western Middle Yangtze Valley, China. Quaternary. 2020; 3(3):28. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/quat3030028

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Ruizhe, Hui Liu, and Shengqian Chen. 2020. "Alternative Adaptation Strategy during the Paleolithic–Neolithic Transition: Potential Use of Aquatic Resources in the Western Middle Yangtze Valley, China" Quaternary 3, no. 3: 28. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/quat3030028

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop