Next Article in Journal
A Detailed Record of Deglacial and Early Post-Glacial Fluvial Evolution: The River Ure in North Yorkshire, UK
Next Article in Special Issue
Mapping Food Production in Hyper-Arid and Arid Saharan Africa in the Holocene—A View from the Present
Previous Article in Journal
Prey Size Decline as a Unifying Ecological Selecting Agent in Pleistocene Human Evolution
Previous Article in Special Issue
Disentangling Domestication from Food Production Systems in the Neotropics
Article

Facing Change through Diversity: Resilience and Diversification of Plant Management Strategies during the Mid to Late Holocene Transition at the Monte Castelo Shellmound, SW Amazonia

1
Laboratory of Tropical Archaeology, Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-070, Brazil
2
Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, Federal University of Western Pará, Santarém, Pará 68040-255, Brazil
3
Laboratory of Archaeometry and Applied Sciences for Cultural Heritage Studies, Institute of Physics, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 00508-090, Brazil
4
Department of Archaeology, Federal University of Rondônia, Porto Velho, Rondônia 76801-059, Brazil
5
Center for Environmental Sciences, Federal University of the Amazon, Manaus, Amazonas 69080-900, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc Vander Linden
Received: 30 November 2020 / Revised: 15 February 2021 / Accepted: 19 February 2021 / Published: 3 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Human Activities and Development of Food Production in the Holocene)
Recent advances in the archaeology of lowland South America are furthering our understanding of the Holocene development of plant cultivation and domestication, cultural niche construction, and relationships between environmental changes and cultural strategies of food production. This article offers new data on plant and landscape management and mobility in Southwestern Amazonia during a period of environmental change at the Middle to Late Holocene transition, based on archaeobotanical analysis of the Monte Castelo shellmound, occupied between 6000 and 650 yr BP and located in a modern, seasonally flooded savanna–forest mosaic. Through diachronic comparisons of carbonized plant remains, phytoliths, and starch grains, we construct an ecology of resource use and explore its implications for the long-term history of landscape formation, resource management practices, and mobility. We show how, despite important changes visible in the archaeological record of the shellmound during this period, there persisted an ancient, local, and resilient pattern of plant management which implies a degree of stability in both subsistence and settlement patterns over the last 6000 years. This pattern is characterized by management practices that relied on increasingly diversified, rather than intensive, food production systems. Our findings have important implications in debates regarding the history of settlement permanence, population growth, and carrying capacity in the Amazon basin. View Full-Text
Keywords: Amazonian archaeology; shellmounds; archaeobotany; agriculture; cultural niche; paleoenvironment; mobility patterns; resilience; carrying capacity Amazonian archaeology; shellmounds; archaeobotany; agriculture; cultural niche; paleoenvironment; mobility patterns; resilience; carrying capacity
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Furquim, L.P.; Watling, J.; Hilbert, L.M.; Shock, M.P.; Prestes-Carneiro, G.; Calo, C.M.; Py-Daniel, A.R.; Brandão, K.; Pugliese, F.; Zimpel, C.A.; da Silva, C.A.; Neves, E.G. Facing Change through Diversity: Resilience and Diversification of Plant Management Strategies during the Mid to Late Holocene Transition at the Monte Castelo Shellmound, SW Amazonia. Quaternary 2021, 4, 8. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/quat4010008

AMA Style

Furquim LP, Watling J, Hilbert LM, Shock MP, Prestes-Carneiro G, Calo CM, Py-Daniel AR, Brandão K, Pugliese F, Zimpel CA, da Silva CA, Neves EG. Facing Change through Diversity: Resilience and Diversification of Plant Management Strategies during the Mid to Late Holocene Transition at the Monte Castelo Shellmound, SW Amazonia. Quaternary. 2021; 4(1):8. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/quat4010008

Chicago/Turabian Style

Furquim, Laura P., Jennifer Watling, Lautaro M. Hilbert, Myrtle P. Shock, Gabriela Prestes-Carneiro, Cristina M. Calo, Anne R. Py-Daniel, Kelly Brandão, Francisco Pugliese, Carlos A. Zimpel, Carlos A. da Silva, and Eduardo G. Neves 2021. "Facing Change through Diversity: Resilience and Diversification of Plant Management Strategies during the Mid to Late Holocene Transition at the Monte Castelo Shellmound, SW Amazonia" Quaternary 4, no. 1: 8. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/quat4010008

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop