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Article

Reconsidering the Equids from the Early Pleistocene Fauna of Apollonia 1 (Mygdonia Basin, Greece)

Laboratory of Geology and Palaeontology, Department of Geology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR-54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
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Academic Editor: Maria Rita Palombo
Received: 10 February 2021 / Revised: 30 March 2021 / Accepted: 6 April 2021 / Published: 9 April 2021
The remains of equids are abundant in the Early Pleistocene faunas of Greece. “Apollonia-1” is one of the richest localities from the latest Villafranchian, providing eight skulls, mandibular remains and plenty of postcranial material during several field campaigns. This study focuses mainly on the skulls, mandibular remains and metapodials from the old and new collection described in detail. The specimens are compared with equids from several Greek and European fossiliferous localities dating from the late Villafranchian to the middle Galerian. The systematic position of Equus apolloniensis is also discussed. Based on its basicranial proportions, E. apolloniensis is considered a true Equus. A second species has also been identified recently, here referred to as Equus sp.; it is poorly represented, and it is even larger and more robust than E. apolloniensis based on a single metacarpal and third phalanges. The presence of two equid species in Apollonia 1 validates its Epivillafranchian (=latest Villafranchian) age. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mammalia; Perissodactyla; Equidae; Equus apolloniensis; Early Pleistocene; Greece Mammalia; Perissodactyla; Equidae; Equus apolloniensis; Early Pleistocene; Greece
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gkeme, A.G.; Koufos, G.D.; Kostopoulos, D.S. Reconsidering the Equids from the Early Pleistocene Fauna of Apollonia 1 (Mygdonia Basin, Greece). Quaternary 2021, 4, 12. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/quat4020012

AMA Style

Gkeme AG, Koufos GD, Kostopoulos DS. Reconsidering the Equids from the Early Pleistocene Fauna of Apollonia 1 (Mygdonia Basin, Greece). Quaternary. 2021; 4(2):12. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/quat4020012

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gkeme, Anastasia G., George D. Koufos, and Dimitris S. Kostopoulos 2021. "Reconsidering the Equids from the Early Pleistocene Fauna of Apollonia 1 (Mygdonia Basin, Greece)" Quaternary 4, no. 2: 12. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/quat4020012

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