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Spark Plasma Sintering of Ceramics: From Modeling to Practice

by 1,*, 2 and 3,*
1
High Performance Ceramics Laboratory, Functional Materials, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (Empa), Überlandstrasse 129, CH-8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland
2
Powder Technology Group, Construction Materials Laboratory, Materials Institute, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
3
School of Material Science and Engineering, Shanghai Institute of Technology, 100 Haiquan Rd, Fengxian Qu, Shanghai 201418, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 October 2020 / Revised: 16 November 2020 / Accepted: 16 November 2020 / Published: 17 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Spark Plasma Sintering Technology)
Summarizing the work of nearly a decade of research on spark plasma sintering (SPS), a review is given on the specificities and key factors to be considered in SPS of ceramic materials, based on the authors’ own research. Alumina is used primarily as a model material throughout the review. Intrinsic inhomogeneities linked to SPS and operational parameters, which depend on the generation of atomistic scale defects, are discussed in detail to explain regularly observed inhomogeneities reported in literature. Adopting an engineering approach to overcome these inherent issues, a successful processing path is laid out towards the mastering of SPS in a wide range of research and industrial settings. View Full-Text
Keywords: SPS; FEM; ceramics; alumina; sintering; microstructure; PECS; FAST; optical properties SPS; FEM; ceramics; alumina; sintering; microstructure; PECS; FAST; optical properties
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MDPI and ACS Style

Stuer, M.; Bowen, P.; Zhao, Z. Spark Plasma Sintering of Ceramics: From Modeling to Practice. Ceramics 2020, 3, 476-493. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ceramics3040039

AMA Style

Stuer M, Bowen P, Zhao Z. Spark Plasma Sintering of Ceramics: From Modeling to Practice. Ceramics. 2020; 3(4):476-493. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ceramics3040039

Chicago/Turabian Style

Stuer, Michael; Bowen, Paul; Zhao, Zhe. 2020. "Spark Plasma Sintering of Ceramics: From Modeling to Practice" Ceramics 3, no. 4: 476-493. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ceramics3040039

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