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Probability Analysis and Prevention of Offshore Oil and Gas Accidents: Fire as a Cause and a Consequence

by 1,2,* and 1
1
IT4Innovations, VŠB—Technical University of Ostrava, 708 00 Ostrava, Czech Republic
2
Faculty of Electronic Engineering, University of Niš, 18000 Niš, Serbia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Alistair M. S. Smith and Ernesto Salzano
Received: 27 September 2021 / Accepted: 11 October 2021 / Published: 14 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Fire and Combustion Safety)
Failures during the drilling and exploitation of hydrocarbons that result in catastrophic offshore oil and gas accidents are relatively rare but if they occur the consequences can be catastrophic in terms of loss of life and environmental damage. Therefore, to gain insight into their prevention, the largest major offshore oil and gas accidents, those with more than 10 fatalities or with a large environmental impact, are analyzed in this article. Special attention is placed on fire as a cause and a consequence. Relevant technological and legislative changes and updates regarding safety that have followed such accidents and that can prevent potential future similar misfortunes are evaluated. Two main approaches to safety are compared: (1) the American prescriptive vs. (2) the European goal-oriented approach. The main causes of accidents are tested statistically in respect of failure probability, where the exact confidence limits for the estimated probabilities are computed. The results of the statistical test based on exact confidence intervals show that there is no significant difference between the analysed factors, which describe the main causes of offshore oil and gas accidents. Based on the small but carefully chosen group of 24 of the largest accidents, it can be concluded that there is no evidence of a difference between the categories of the main causes of accidents. View Full-Text
Keywords: offshore accidents; drilling failures; oil and gas; fire protection; probability; safety legislation; well integrity; blowout prevention; marine spills; rig collapses offshore accidents; drilling failures; oil and gas; fire protection; probability; safety legislation; well integrity; blowout prevention; marine spills; rig collapses
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MDPI and ACS Style

Brkić, D.; Praks, P. Probability Analysis and Prevention of Offshore Oil and Gas Accidents: Fire as a Cause and a Consequence. Fire 2021, 4, 71. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/fire4040071

AMA Style

Brkić D, Praks P. Probability Analysis and Prevention of Offshore Oil and Gas Accidents: Fire as a Cause and a Consequence. Fire. 2021; 4(4):71. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/fire4040071

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brkić, Dejan, and Pavel Praks. 2021. "Probability Analysis and Prevention of Offshore Oil and Gas Accidents: Fire as a Cause and a Consequence" Fire 4, no. 4: 71. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/fire4040071

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