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Mediation of FoxO1 in Activated Neuroglia Deficient for Nucleoside Diphosphate Kinase B during Vascular Degeneration

1
Experimental Pharmacology, European Center of Angioscience, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, 68167 Mannheim, Germany
2
5th Med, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, 68167 Mannheim, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Y.Q. and H.H. share first authorship.
Received: 4 July 2018 / Revised: 18 August 2018 / Accepted: 3 September 2018 / Published: 7 September 2018
The pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy is closely associated with the breakdown of the neurovascular unit including the glial cells. Deficiency of nucleoside diphosphate kinase B (NDPK-B) results in retinal vasoregression mimicking diabetic retinopathy. Increased retinal expression of Angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) initiates vasoregression. In this study, Müller cell activation, glial Ang-2 expression, and the underlying mechanisms were investigated in streptozotocin-induced diabetic NDPK-B deficient (KO) retinas and Müller cells isolated from the NDPK-B KO retinas. Müller cells were activated and Ang-2 expression was predominantly increased in Müller cells in normoglycemic NDPK-B KO retinas, similar to diabetic wild type (WT) retinas. Diabetes induction in the NDPK-B KO mice did not further increase its activation. Additionally, cultured NDPK-B KO Müller cells were more activated and showed higher Ang-2 expression than WT cells. Müller cell activation and Ang-2 elevation were observed upon high glucose treatment in WT, but not in NDPK-B KO cells. Moreover, increased levels of the transcription factor forkhead box protein O1 (FoxO1) were detected in non-diabetic NDPK-B KO Müller cells. The siRNA-mediated knockdown of FoxO1 in NDPK-B deficient cells interfered with Ang-2 upregulation. These data suggest that FoxO1 mediates Ang-2 upregulation induced by NDPK-B deficiency in the Müller cells and thus contributes to the onset of retinal vascular degeneration. View Full-Text
Keywords: angiopoietin-2; FoxO1; NDPK-B; neuroglia angiopoietin-2; FoxO1; NDPK-B; neuroglia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Qiu, Y.; Huang, H.; Chatterjee, A.; Teuma, L.D.; Baumann, F.S.; Hammes, H.-P.; Wieland, T.; Feng, Y. Mediation of FoxO1 in Activated Neuroglia Deficient for Nucleoside Diphosphate Kinase B during Vascular Degeneration. Neuroglia 2018, 1, 280-291. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/neuroglia1010019

AMA Style

Qiu Y, Huang H, Chatterjee A, Teuma LD, Baumann FS, Hammes H-P, Wieland T, Feng Y. Mediation of FoxO1 in Activated Neuroglia Deficient for Nucleoside Diphosphate Kinase B during Vascular Degeneration. Neuroglia. 2018; 1(1):280-291. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/neuroglia1010019

Chicago/Turabian Style

Qiu, Yi, Hongpeng Huang, Anupriya Chatterjee, Loïc D. Teuma, Fabienne S. Baumann, Hans-Peter Hammes, Thomas Wieland, and Yuxi Feng. 2018. "Mediation of FoxO1 in Activated Neuroglia Deficient for Nucleoside Diphosphate Kinase B during Vascular Degeneration" Neuroglia 1, no. 1: 280-291. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/neuroglia1010019

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