Brooke–Spiegler Syndrome is a rare genetic autosomal dominant disorder with variable penetrance. Its main feature consists of the development of multiple adnexal tumors that originate from the follicular-sebaceous-apocrine unit, most commonly: cylindromas, trichoepitheliomas and spiradenomas. Case presentation:
We present four cases of Brooke–Spiegler Syndrome found in our clinic, as well as their clinicopathological traits and the surgical techniques used in their management. The familial history of three of the presented cases supports the genetic component of the disease. Cylindromas, spiradenomas and trichoepitheliomas coexisted in one of the cases presented. The therapeutic options used were electrocautery, CO2 laser, as well as tumor debulking followed by closure with metal staples. Discussion:
The treatment remains a challenge and must be individualized based on the type, location and number of the lesions. Conservative methods such as CO2 laser and tumor debulking accompanied by closure with metal staples remain a viable option taking into account the large number of lesions. As patients usually develop multiple neoplasms throughout their lifetime, repeated procedures may be needed. Conclusion:
Considering the few numbers of Brooke–Spiegler syndrome cases in the current literature, the authors report these patients in order to increase awareness and to help establish the most appropriate approach in managing the disease.
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