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Communication

Pre-Operational Application of a WRF-Hydro-Based Fluvial Flood Forecasting System in the Southeast Mediterranean

1
Frederick Research Center, Pallouriotissa, Nicosia 1036, Cyprus
2
National Observatory of Athens, Institute for Environmental Research and Sustainable Development, Palea Penteli, 15236 Athens, Greece
3
Department of Electrical Engineering, Frederick University, Pallouriotissa, Nicosia 1036, Cyprus
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Minxue He, Haksu Lee and Sungwook Wi
Received: 26 April 2021 / Revised: 28 May 2021 / Accepted: 8 June 2021 / Published: 9 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Hydrological Forecasting)
The Southeast Mediterranean (SEM) is characterized by increased vulnerability to river/stream flooding. However, impact-oriented, operational fluvial flood forecasting is far away from maturity in the region. The current paper presents the first attempt at introducing an operational impact-based warning system in the area, which is founded on the coupling of a state-of-the-art numerical weather prediction model with an advanced spatially-explicit hydrological model. The system’s modeling methodology and forecasting scheme are presented, as well as prototype results, which were derived under a pre-operational mode. Future developments and challenges needed to be addressed in terms of validating the system and increasing its efficiency are also discussed. This communication highlights that standard approaches used in operational weather forecasting in the SEM for providing flood-related information and alerts can, and should, be replaced by advanced coupled hydrometeorological systems, which can be implemented without a significant cost on the operational character of the provided services. This is of great importance in establishing effective early warning services for fluvial flooding in the region. View Full-Text
Keywords: flood; forecasting; hydrometeorology; WRF-Hydro; impact-based; warnings; Cyprus; Greece; Mediterranean flood; forecasting; hydrometeorology; WRF-Hydro; impact-based; warnings; Cyprus; Greece; Mediterranean
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MDPI and ACS Style

Giannaros, C.; Galanaki, E.; Kotroni, V.; Lagouvardos, K.; Oikonomou, C.; Haralambous, H.; Giannaros, T.M. Pre-Operational Application of a WRF-Hydro-Based Fluvial Flood Forecasting System in the Southeast Mediterranean. Forecasting 2021, 3, 437-446. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/forecast3020026

AMA Style

Giannaros C, Galanaki E, Kotroni V, Lagouvardos K, Oikonomou C, Haralambous H, Giannaros TM. Pre-Operational Application of a WRF-Hydro-Based Fluvial Flood Forecasting System in the Southeast Mediterranean. Forecasting. 2021; 3(2):437-446. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/forecast3020026

Chicago/Turabian Style

Giannaros, Christos, Elissavet Galanaki, Vassiliki Kotroni, Konstantinos Lagouvardos, Christina Oikonomou, Haris Haralambous, and Theodore M. Giannaros 2021. "Pre-Operational Application of a WRF-Hydro-Based Fluvial Flood Forecasting System in the Southeast Mediterranean" Forecasting 3, no. 2: 437-446. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/forecast3020026

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