Next Article in Journal
A Review on Historical Earth Pigments Used in India’s Wall Paintings
Next Article in Special Issue
Multi-Analytical Assessment of Bodied Drying Oil Varnishes and Their Use as Binders in Armour Paints
Previous Article in Journal
The Wooden Roof Framing Elements, Furniture and Furnishing of the Etruscan Domus of the Dolia of Vetulonia (Southern Tuscany, Italy)
Article

Identification of Coatings on Persian Lacquer Papier Mache Penboxes by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and Luminescence Imaging

Faculty of Cultural Materials Conservation, Tabriz Islamic Art University, Tabriz 5164736931, Iran
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Massimo Lazzari
Received: 30 July 2021 / Revised: 21 August 2021 / Accepted: 23 August 2021 / Published: 24 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Organic Materials in Heritage Science)
In this study, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and luminescence imaging were used to identify the coatings of seven Persian lacquer papier mache penboxes, of which two were contemporary, one was from the Pahlavi era, and four belonged to the Qajar era. First, FTIR was used to identify the nature of the coating. Then, UV-induced visible luminescence imaging at the spectral ranges of 420–680 nm (UVL), 425–495 nm (UVIBL), and 615–645 nm (UVIRL) was performed for further examination. The FTIR results showed that the coatings were made of alkyd resin, oil-resin varnish (Kaman oil), and shellac. In UV-induced visible luminescence images, synthetic alkyd resin showed no fluorescence, which made it distinguishable from the natural organic coatings. While it is slightly challenging to differentiate Kaman oil from shellac based on FTIR results, these two coatings can be easily distinguished by their fluorescence in UVL and UVIBL images. The results suggest that the combined use of spectroscopy and spectral imaging methods can provide substantial information about the organic coatings of historical objects. View Full-Text
Keywords: lacquer papier mache; historical organic coatings; kaman oil; shellac; alkyd resin; FTIR spectroscopy; spectral imaging; luminescence imaging lacquer papier mache; historical organic coatings; kaman oil; shellac; alkyd resin; FTIR spectroscopy; spectral imaging; luminescence imaging
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Koochakzaei, A.; Nemati Babaylou, A.; Jelodarian Bidgoli, B. Identification of Coatings on Persian Lacquer Papier Mache Penboxes by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and Luminescence Imaging. Heritage 2021, 4, 1962-1969. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/heritage4030111

AMA Style

Koochakzaei A, Nemati Babaylou A, Jelodarian Bidgoli B. Identification of Coatings on Persian Lacquer Papier Mache Penboxes by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and Luminescence Imaging. Heritage. 2021; 4(3):1962-1969. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/heritage4030111

Chicago/Turabian Style

Koochakzaei, Alireza, Ali Nemati Babaylou, and Behrooz Jelodarian Bidgoli. 2021. "Identification of Coatings on Persian Lacquer Papier Mache Penboxes by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and Luminescence Imaging" Heritage 4, no. 3: 1962-1969. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/heritage4030111

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop