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Article

Multi-Bale Handling Unit for Efficient Logistics

1
Biological Systems Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
2
Antares Group Inc., Harrisonburg, VA 22801, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 May 2020 / Revised: 11 June 2020 / Accepted: 12 June 2020 / Published: 16 June 2020
This paper presents a design for a feedstock logistics system to supply a bioenergy plant located in the Southeast USA, specifically Piedmont, a physiographic region covering part of five states (VA, NC, SC, GA, and AL). The design uses a perennial grass (switchgrass) as the feedstock. Harvest is done with a round baler, and round bales are stored in single-layer ambient storage in satellite storage locations. New technology, 20-bale racks, was designed as the multi-bale handling unit. The analysis shows how proper design of the interactions between the several unit operations in a “logistics chain” can be used to minimize average delivered cost for the feedstock required for 24/7 operation. Racks are loaded at the satellite storage and delivered by hauling contractors hired by the plant and controlled by a “Feedstock Manager” at the plant to insure approximately the same number of loads are received each day. Single-bale handling at the plant is eliminated, thus the truck unload time is reduced and truck productivity (tons/day) is increased. At-plant handling and storage in 20-bale racks increases plant receiving facility productivity, and gives a reduction in plant cost to supply a continuous steam of material for 24/7 operation. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomass; biomass logistics; hauling costs; in-field hauling; location allocation; management systems; satellite storage locations; transportation biomass; biomass logistics; hauling costs; in-field hauling; location allocation; management systems; satellite storage locations; transportation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Grisso, R.“.; Cundiff, J.; Comer, K. Multi-Bale Handling Unit for Efficient Logistics. AgriEngineering 2020, 2, 336-349. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agriengineering2020023

AMA Style

Grisso R“, Cundiff J, Comer K. Multi-Bale Handling Unit for Efficient Logistics. AgriEngineering. 2020; 2(2):336-349. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agriengineering2020023

Chicago/Turabian Style

Grisso, Robert “., John Cundiff, and Kevin Comer. 2020. "Multi-Bale Handling Unit for Efficient Logistics" AgriEngineering 2, no. 2: 336-349. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agriengineering2020023

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