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Prediction of Rice Cultivation in India—Support Vector Regression Approach with Various Kernels for Non-Linear Patterns

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Department of Statistics, Lady Shri Ram College for Women, University of Delhi, Delhi 110024, India
2
Department of Mathematics, LMNO, Université de Caen-Normandie, Campus II, Science 3, 14032 Caen, France
3
Statistical Investigator, Department of Economics and Statistics, Government of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram 695033, India
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Department of Statistics, Pondicherry University, Puducherry 605014, India
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Division of Mathematics, Department of S and H, Vignan’s Foundation for Science, Technology and Research, Vadlamudi, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh 522213, India
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Department of Computer Science, Pondicherry University, Puducherry 605014, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mohammad Valipour
Received: 28 February 2021 / Revised: 29 March 2021 / Accepted: 29 March 2021 / Published: 7 April 2021
The prediction of rice yields plays a major role in reducing food security problems in India and also suggests that government agencies manage the over or under situations of production. Advanced machine learning techniques are playing a vital role in the accurate prediction of rice yields in dealing with nonlinear complex situations instead of traditional statistical methods. In the present study, the researchers made an attempt to predict the rice yield through support vector regression (SVR) models with various kernels (linear, polynomial, and radial basis function) for India overall and the top five rice producing states by considering influence parameters, such as the area under cultivation and production, as independent variables for the years 1962–2018. The best-fitted models were chosen based on the cross-validation and hyperparameter optimization of various kernel parameters. The root-mean-square error (RMSE) and mean absolute error (MAE) were calculated for the training and testing datasets. The results revealed that SVR with various kernels fitted to India overall, as well as the major rice producing states, would explore the nonlinear patterns to understand the precise situations of yield prediction. This study will be helpful for farmers as well as the central and state governments for estimating rice yield in advance with optimal resources. View Full-Text
Keywords: rice cultivation; food security; prediction; support vector regression with kernels; RMSE and MAE rice cultivation; food security; prediction; support vector regression with kernels; RMSE and MAE
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MDPI and ACS Style

Paidipati, K.K.; Chesneau, C.; Nayana, B.M.; Kumar, K.R.; Polisetty, K.; Kurangi, C. Prediction of Rice Cultivation in India—Support Vector Regression Approach with Various Kernels for Non-Linear Patterns. AgriEngineering 2021, 3, 182-198. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agriengineering3020012

AMA Style

Paidipati KK, Chesneau C, Nayana BM, Kumar KR, Polisetty K, Kurangi C. Prediction of Rice Cultivation in India—Support Vector Regression Approach with Various Kernels for Non-Linear Patterns. AgriEngineering. 2021; 3(2):182-198. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agriengineering3020012

Chicago/Turabian Style

Paidipati, Kiran K., Christophe Chesneau, B. M. Nayana, Kolla R. Kumar, Kalpana Polisetty, and Chinnarao Kurangi. 2021. "Prediction of Rice Cultivation in India—Support Vector Regression Approach with Various Kernels for Non-Linear Patterns" AgriEngineering 3, no. 2: 182-198. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agriengineering3020012

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