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Enriched Crystal Scintillators for 2β Experiments

Institute for Nuclear Research of NASU, 03028 Kyiv, Ukraine
Received: 31 December 2020 / Revised: 27 February 2021 / Accepted: 1 March 2021 / Published: 9 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Radiation Spectroscopy with Solid Scintillators for Rare Events)
The investigation of 2β decay is an important issue in modern physics, allowing the test of the Standard Model of elementary particles and the study of the nature and properties of neutrinos. The crystal scintillators, especially made of isotopically-enriched materials, are powerful detectors for 2β decay experiments thanks to the high radiopurity level and the possibility to realize the calorimetric “source = detector” approach with a high detection efficiency. For the moment, the 2ν2β processes have been observed at the level of 1019–1024 years with enriched crystals; the sensitivity to the 0ν mode have reached the level of 1024–1026 years in some decay channels for different nuclides allowing one to calculate the upper limits on the effective mass of the Majorana neutrino at the level of 0.1–0.6 eV. The paper is intended to be a review on the latest results to investigate 2β processes with crystal scintillators enriched in 48Ca, 106Cd, and 116Cd. View Full-Text
Keywords: enriched crystals; scintillators; double beta decay enriched crystals; scintillators; double beta decay
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MDPI and ACS Style

Polischuk, O.G. Enriched Crystal Scintillators for 2β Experiments. Physics 2021, 3, 103-118. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/physics3010009

AMA Style

Polischuk OG. Enriched Crystal Scintillators for 2β Experiments. Physics. 2021; 3(1):103-118. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/physics3010009

Chicago/Turabian Style

Polischuk, Oksana G. 2021. "Enriched Crystal Scintillators for 2β Experiments" Physics 3, no. 1: 103-118. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/physics3010009

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